El Espectador: Sobre el fascismo. Democracia morbosa. Hegel y América. La interpretación bélica de la historia. Socialización del hombre, etc.

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EDAF, 1998 - Fiction - 272 pages
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os textos recogidos en este volumen son reflexiones sobre sociología e historia, acontecimientos del presente, y aun del pasado, que matizan y enriquecen la idea del El Espectador como proyecto editorial y como actitud vital. En esta antología de textos escritos entre 1916 y 1930 el lector encontrará al intelectual puro que practica su doble misión: oponerse y seducir; al ensayusta brillante que aborda la tarea de su tiempo: salvar la circunstancia; al catedrático de "metafísica" que no necesita mencionarla a cada paso para reclamar un vergonzante y postiza solidez sistemática a su pensamiento; al filósofo, para quien la vida y su filosofía misma son un género literario, es decir, textos vitales sobre "la vida en torno".
 

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Contents

Prólogo por José Luis Molinuevo
9
Bibliografía
41
Nada moderno y muy siglo xx
57
Leyendo el Adolfo libro de amor
63
Horizontes incendiados
71
Estética en el tranvía
77
Carta a un joven argentino que estudia filosofía
89
No ser hombre ejemplar
97
Democracia morbosa
119
Hegel y América
127
Socialización del hombre
149
El genio de la guerra y la guerra alemana
155
La interpretación bélica de la historia
207
El origen deportivo del Estado
227
La Pampa promesas
253
Copyright

Sobre el fascismo
105

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About the author (1998)

Essayist and philosopher, a thinker influential in and out of the Spanish world, Jose Ortega y Gasset was professor of metaphysics at the University of Madrid from 1910 until the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War in 1936. The Revolt of the Masses, his most famous work, owes much to post-Kantian schools of thought. Ortega's predominant thesis is the need of an intellectual aristocracy governing in a spirit of enlightened liberalism. Although Franco, after his victory in the civil war, offered to make Ortega Spain's "official philosopher" and to publish a deluxe edition of his works, with certain parts deleted, the philosopher refused. Instead, he chose the life of a voluntary exile in Argentina, and in 1941 he was appointed professor of philosophy at the University of San Marcos in Lima, Peru. He returned to Spain in 1945 and died in Madrid. Ortega's reformulation of the Cartesian cogito displays the fulcrum of his thought. While Rene Descartes declared "Cogito ergo sum" (I think, therefore I am), Ortega maintained "Cogito quia vivo" (I think because I live). He subordinated reason to life, to vitality. Reason becomes the tool of people existing biologically in a given time and place, rather than an overarching sovereign. Ortega's philosophy consequently discloses affinities in its metaphysics to both American pragmatism and European existentialism in spite of its elitism in social philosophy.

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