El grado cero de la escritura: seguido de Nuevos ensayos críticos

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Siglo XXI, Jan 1, 2000 - Juvenile Nonfiction - 247 pages
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En toda obra literaria se afirma una realidad formal independiente de la lengua y del estilo: la escritura considerada como la relación que establece el escritor con la sociedad, el lenguaje literario transformado por su destino social. Esta relación entre literatura e historia aparece ilustrada en el presente volumen por estudios sobre diferentes autores: de La Rochefoucauld y Chateaubriand, a Flaubert, Proust, Verne y Loti.
 

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En toda obra literaria se afirma una realidad formal independiente de la lengua y del estilo: la escritura considerada como la relación que establece el escritor con la sociedad, el lenguaje literario transformado por su destino social. Esta tercera dimensión de la forma, tiene una historia que sigue paso a paso el desgarramiento de la conciencia burguesa: de la escritura transparente de los Clásicos a la cada vez más perturbada del siglo XIX, para llegar a la escritura neutra de nuestros días. Esta relación entre literatura e historia (entre el escritor y la sociedad) aparece ilustrada en el presente volumen por estudios sobre diversos autores: de La Rochefoucauld y Chateaubriand, a Flaubert, Proust, Verne y Loti.  

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Contents

Section 1
7
Section 2
11
Section 3
17
Section 4
59
Section 5
93
Section 6
121
Section 7
123
Section 8
171
Section 9
190
Section 10
191
Section 11
204
Section 12
205
Section 13
223
Section 14
247
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About the author (2000)

Roland Barthes (1915-1980), a French critic and intellectual, was a seminal figure in late twentieth-century literary criticism. Barthes's primary theory is that language is not simply words, but a series of indicators of a given society's assumptions. He derived his critical method from structuralism, which studies the rules behind language, and semiotics, which analyzes culture through signs and holds that meaning results from social conventions. Barthes believed that such techniques permit the reader to participate in the work of art under study, rather than merely react to it. Barthes's first books, Writing Degree Zero (1953), and Mythologies (1957), introduced his ideas to a European audience. During the 1960s his work began to appear in the United States in translation and became a strong influence on a generation of American literary critics and theorists. Other important works by Barthes are Elements of Semiology (1968), Critical Essays (1972), The Pleasure of the Text (1973), and The Empire of Signs (1982). The Barthes Reader (1983), edited by Susan Sontag, contains a wide selection of the critic's work in English translation.

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