Electra and Other Plays
Sophocles' innovative plays transformed Greek myths into dramas with complex human characters, through which he explored profound moral issues. Electra portrays the grief of a young woman for her father Agamemnon, who has been killed by her mother's lover. Aeschylus and Euripides also dramatized this story, but the objectivity and humanity of Sophocles' version provide a new perspective. Depicting the fall of a great hero, Ajax examines the enigma of power and weakness combined in one being, while the Woman of Trachis portrays the tragic love and error of Heracles' deserted wife Deianeira, and Philoctetes deals with the conflict between physical force and moral strength.
E. F. Watling's vivid translation is accompanied by an introduction in which he discusses Sophocles' use of a third actor to create new dramatic situations and compares the different treatments of the Electra myth by the three great tragic poets of classical Athens.
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WOMEN OF TRACHIS
NOTES TO AJAX
NOTES TO ELECTRA
NOTES TO WOMEN OF TRACHIS
NOTES TO PHILOCTETES
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Achilles Aegisthus Aeschylus AGAMEMNON agony Ajax alive arrows ATHENA Atreidae bear blood bring brother brought child CHORUS CHRYSOTHEMIS CLYTAEMNESTRA comes daughter dead dear death DEIANEIRA doors ELECTRA enemy Euboea Eurytus evil eyes father fear fool give gods gone grave Greeks hand happened happy hate hear heard heart heaven Heracles honour husband HYLLUS justice killed lady leave Lemnos LICHAS listen live look master mean MENELAUS MESSENGER misery mother murderers Mycenae NEOPTOLEMUS never NURSE ODYSSEUS ORESTES pain Pelops Penguin Books PHILOCTETES Phocis pity play Poeas poor pray PYLADES Scyros shame sight silence sleep sons of Atreus Sophocles sorrow speak story suffer sword TECMESSA tell TEUCER There's thing told tongue torment trick trouble Troy truth TUTOR victory wait weep wife woman word write to Penguin Zeus