Electricity Generation Using Wind Power

Front Cover
World Scientific, 2011 - Technology & Engineering - 257 pages
1. The development of wind converters. 1.1. Nature and origin of the wind. 1.2. Development of wind converters -- 2. Theory of wind converters. 2.1. Power and energy basis of wind converters. 2.2. Theoretical power available in the wind. 2.3. Theoretical maximum power extractable from the wind. 2.4. Practical Power Extractable from theWind. 2.5. Mechanical features of wind machines. 2.6. Fixed rotational speed or variable rotational speed?. 2.7. Efficiency considerations of wind-powered electricity generation. 2.8. Worked numerical examples on wind-turbine operation. 2.9. Problems and review questions -- 3. Past and present wind-energy turbines. 3.1. Nineteenth-century windmills. 3.2. Early twentieth-century wind-energy turbines. 3.3. Later twentieth-century wind-energy turbines. 3.4. Modern large wind power installations. 3.5. Worked numerical example. 3.6. Vertical axis wind machines -- 4. The location and siting of wind turbines. 4.1. The availability of wind supply. 4.2. Statistical representation of wind speed. 4.3. Choice of wind turbine sites. 4.4. Effects of the site terrain. 4.5. Spacing effects of wind farm arrays. 4.6. Problems and review questions -- 5. Power flow in electrical transmission and distribution systems. 5.1. Basic forms of power transmission networks. 5.2. Current and voltage relationships. 5.3. Power relationships in sinusoidal circuits. 5.4. Complex power. 5.5. Real power flow and reactive power flow in electrical power systems -- 6. Electrical generator machines in wind-energy systems. 6.1. DC generators. 6.2. AC generators. 6.3. Synchronous machine generators. 6.4. Three-phase induction machine. 6.5. Analysis of induction generator in terms of complex vector representation. 6.6. Switched reluctance machines. 6.7. What form of generator is the best choice for wind generation systems? -- 7. Power electronic converters in wind-energy systems. 7.1. Types of semiconductor switching converters. 7.2. Three-phase controlled bridge rectifier. 7.3. Three-phase controlled bridge inverter feeding an infinite bus. 7.4. The effect of AC system reactance on inverter operation. 7.5. Three-phase cycloconverter feeding an infinite bus. 7.6. Matrix converter feeding an infinite bus. 7.7. Worked numerical examples. 7.8. Commonly used forms of power electronic drive in wind-energy systems. 7.9. Problems and review questions -- 8. Integrating wind power generation into an electrical power system. 8.1. Electricity distribution systems. 8.2. Issues for consideration concerning the integration of wind-energy generation into an electric power system. 8.3. The effect of integrated wind generation on steady-state system voltages. 8.4. The effect of integrated wind generation on dynamic and transient system voltages -- 9. Environmental aspects of wind energy. 9.1. Reduction of emissions. 9.2. Effluents due to coal burning. 9.3. Wind turbine noise. 9.4. Electromagnetic interference from wind turbines. 9.5. Effect of a wind turbine on wildlife. 9.6. Visual impact of wind turbines. 9.7. Safety aspects of wind-turbine operation -- 10. Economic aspects of wind power. 10.1. Investment aspects of wind-powered electricity generation. 10.2. Comparative costs of generating electricity from different fuel sources
 

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Contents

CHAPTER 1 The Development of Wind Converters
1
CHAPTER 2 Theory of Wind Converters
7
CHAPTER 3 Past and Present WindEnergy Turbines
41
CHAPTER 4 The Location and Siting of Wind Turbines
65
CHAPTER 5 Power Flow in Electrical Transmission and Distribution Systems
93
CHAPTER 6 Electrical Generator Machines in WindEnergy Systems
113
CHAPTER 7 Power Electronic Converters in WindEnergy Systems
147
CHAPTER 8 Integrating Wind Power Generation into an Electrical Power System
181
CHAPTER 9 Environmental Aspects of Wind Energy
203
CHAPTER 10 Economic Aspects of Wind Power
223
Answers to the End of Chapter Problems
237
Index
241
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About the author (2011)

William Shepherd studied classics at Clare College, Cambridge, in the 1960s and then embarked on a career in publishing, which finally brought him to Osprey, retiring from the position of chief executive in 2007. He is author of The Persian War (Cambridge, 1982), translated from Herodotus. He has also written reading books for children and articles in the Osprey Military Journal, of which he was joint editor, and makes regular contributions to the Osprey blog. He lives in the Cherwell Valley, north of Oxford.

Li Zhang, Technical University of Dortmund.

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