Electricity and Magnetism

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Macmillan and Company, 1891 - Electricity - 976 pages
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Contents

Jamins MagnetsLifting Power of Magnets
46
Magnetisation by Terrestrial Induction
50
Astatic Arrangements of Needles
52
CHAPTER IV
53
Magnetic Declination
57
Inclin ation Declination and Intensity
69
Irregular Disturbances of the Magnetic Needle
76
Distribution of Magnetism on the Surface of the Earth
80
CHAPTER V
90
SHAPE
93
Historical Sketch of the Aurora Borealis
95
Physical Characters of the Aurora Borealis Dark Segment Height and Width Parallax
99
AURORA BOREALIS OBSERVED AT NOULATO ALASKA ON DECEMBER 27 1868 BY F WHYMPER
107
Theory of Polar Auroras
117
Theories of Faraday Edlund and Adams
125
Latest Researches on the Aurora
129
Electrical Attraction and Repulsion
137
Electric Attraction and Repulsion The two kinds of Electrification
147
CHAPTER II
154
The Laws of Electrical Attraction and Repulsion
163
Distribution of Electricity on the Surface of Conductors
169
CHAPTER III
180
Electrification by influence of a series of conductors
183
Cause of electric attraction
186
The Phenomena of Electric Influence through Bad Conductors
187
Electrophorus
189
Management of the electrophorus
190
Faradays experiment on the polarisation of particles in a dielectric medium
193
Lichtenbergs Figures
195
Lichtenbergs figures Ramifications
196
Lichtenbergs figures Spread of negative electrification
197
ELECTRIC MACHINE WITH SOLPHUR GLOBE ACCORDING TO THE MODEL IN FASHIONABOUT 1754
201
GLASS PLATE ELECTRIC MACHINE RAMSDENS PATTERN
205
Winters pattern of electric machine
207
Nairnes pattern of electric machine
208
Armstrongs hydroelectric machine
209
Orifice for issuing of steam
210
Influence Machines
211
Holtzs influence machine
212
Diagram of action of Holtz machine
213
Holtzs influence machine showing the two small jars
214
Holtzs second type of influence machine
216
Toplers influence machine as shown in 1881 at Paris
218
Toplers machine with twenty plates
219
Sector of ebonite of Bertsch machine
220
Carres electrical machine
221
The Wimshurst influence machine
222
Various Experiments with Electrifying Machines
223
Electric chimes
224
Electric hail
225
Electric waterpot
226
The spangled tube
227
The spangled globe
228
The luminous picture
229
Electric discharge in a liquid
230
Leyden Jar
231
the Leyden jar
232
Charging the Leyden jar
234
Condenser of jEpimis
236
Leyden jar with movable coatings
238
Various Experiments with Leyden Jars and Batteries of Jars
239
Discharge by successive contacts
240
The sparkling jar
241
Electroscopes and Electrometers
250
Effects of Electric Discharges
258
CHAPTER VI
268
Various forms of Voltaic Battery
276
Cells which give Constant Currents
282
Dimagnetism
363
Action of Magnetism on Polarized Light
369
Induction by Magnets
378
Magnetism of Rotation
384
CHAPTER X
390
DynamoElectric Machines
398
CHAPTER XI
420
THE ELECTRIC SPARK
421
Electric Lights in Rarefied Gases
430
StriEe 434
440
Luminous Phenomena of Secondary Currents
450
Spectrum Analysis of Electric Light
459
Physical Chemical and Physiological Effects of Lightning
489
St Elmos Fire
499
Theory of Hail
508
Waterspouts and Tornadoes
518
CHAPTER XIII
526
Electric Countries 53i
536
THE JUNGFRAU VIEW FROM THE RUINS OF THB CASTLE OF UNSPUNNEN
539
CHAPTER I
545
The Declination Compass employed in Geography and Surveying
553
Principles which serve as Bases in the Construction of LightningCon
559
Systems of LightningConductors with Multiple Points
571
General Theory
579
Dial Telegraphs
590
The Siemens and Halske Froment
597
Hnghess Printing Telegraph
609
Autographic Telegraph The Systems of Caselli Meyer Edison
616
CHAPTER V
625
Simultaneous Transmission Duplex and Quadruplex Telegraphy
633
Multiple Transmission Meyers Telegraph Baudots Telegraph
642
A STATION WITH BAUDOTS MULTIPLE PRINTING TELEGRAPH
651
Aerial Telegraph Lines Subterranean Lines
657
Submarine Telegraphic Lines
663
Batteries employed in Telegraphy
674
The Universal Telegraphic Network
684
CHART OF OCEAN TELEGRAPH CABLES AND INTERNATIONAL TELEGRAPH ROUTES
686
MagnetoTelephones
693
Battery Telephones or Transmitters
699
Microphones
710
Applications of the Telephone to Exchange Working
719
CHAPTER VIII
730
CHAPTER IX
745
Electric Distribution of Time
756
CHAPTER XI
785
Electric Railroads and Tramways
791
Applications of the Electric Transmission of Power in Mines
797
Early Forms of Arc Lamp
805
Series Arc Lamps
822
Electric Candles
829
Semiincar descent Lumps
836
Dynamo Machines for Lighting
845
EDISONS STEAM DYNAMO
850
CHAPTER XIII
854
Electric Light in Workshops
860
THE ELECTRIC LIGHT USED FOK NIGHT WORK BUILDING OF THE MAGAZIN DU PRINTEMPS PARIS
862
Electric Lighting of Ports Tunnels and Mines
866
Electric Lighting of Towns Streets Squares and Public Monuments
876
The Electric Telegraph in Military Operations
879
The Electric Light in Warfare
887
CHAPTER XV
902
Different Applications of Electrotyping
909
Application of Electrolysis to the Rectification of Alcohols and
921
Electricity Applied to Meteorological Observations
930
Various Applications of Electricity
937
CHAPTER XVII
947
APPENDIX A Modern Views about Lightning Rods
959

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