Electrostatics

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Springer Science & Business Media, Aug 31, 2002 - Medical - 185 pages
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Preface to first edition 1997 This book has developed from more that 40 years of work with static electric problems and almost as long a period of teaching courses on electrostatics, primarily at The Technical University of Denmark. Several chapters of the book are hardly more than a brush-up of the general knowledge of most physicists. But with the ever increasing specialization, in today's teaching and research, little attention seems to be paid to simple and basic relations. For this regrettable fact I am grateful. It is my hope that the book may take the newcomer by the hand and also remind the specialist of some basic facts she may have forgotten or perhaps never learned. Preface to second edition This book differs from the first edition by several topics being totally rewritten. This is the case as far as chapters 4, 5, 6 and 8 are concerned. The background for the new versions is to a large extent my contributions to the ESDA (ElectroStatic Discharge Association) symposia and tutorials and especially my articles (Mr. Static) in Compliance Engineering. Most of the figures have been redrawn. A major part has been borrowed from Compliance Engineering, and the permission to do so is gratefully acknowledged.
 

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Contents

INTRODUCTION
1
FUNDAMENTAL CONCEPTS
3
22 ELECTRIC FIELD
4
23 ELECTRIC FLUX AND GAUSS LAW
6
24 FIELD STRENGTH AND VOLTAGE
11
25 CHARGED INSULATOR
13
27 INSULATED CHARGED CONDUCTOR
14
28 FARADAY SCREENING
15
68 EXPLOSIVE MIXTURES OF POWDERS AND GASES
88
69 EXPLOSIONSAFE VOLTAGE
89
611 CURRENT PULSES FROM CHARGED SYSTEMS
96
ABATEMENT OF STATIC ELECTRICITY
101
71 GROUNDING OF CONDUCTORS
102
72 METHODS OF GROUNDING PERSONS
103
73 NEUTRALIZATION OF CHARGES ON INSULATORS
105
74 CHARGE NEUTRALIZATION BY AIR IONS
109

29 POTENTIAL OF CONDUCTOR CAPACITANCE
16
210 INDUCTION
19
211 POLARIZATION
20
212 MOBILITY
23
213 CONDUCTIVITY AND RESISTIVITY
24
214 CONDUCTANCE AND RESISTANCE
25
215 SURFACE CONDUCTIVITY AND RESISTIVITY
27
216 SURFACE CONDUCTANCE AND RESISTANCE
28
STATIC ELECTRIFICATION
31
32 CHARGING OF LIQUIDS
37
33 CHARGING OF POWDERS
38
34 CHARGING OF GASES
39
DECAY OF CHARGE
41
42 CHARGE DECAY OF NONCONDUCTORS
44
43 CHARGE DECAY THROUGH THE AIR
50
ELECTRICAL BREAKDOWN
61
52 BREAKDOWN IN DIELECTRICS
70
ELECTROSTATIC EFFECTS
75
62 ELECTROSTATIC ENERGY
77
63 ELECTRICAL EFFECTS
80
65 CHARGES ON INSULATORS
84
66 CHARGES ON CONDUCTORS
85
67 EXPLOSIVE MIXTURES OF VAPORS AND GASES IGNITION ENERGY
87
75 TYPES OF IONIZERS
111
76 LIQUIDS
117
77 SPECIAL PRECAUTIONS
118
78 POWDER DUST AEROSOLS
119
ELECTROSTATIC MEASUREMENTS
121
82 FIELD STRENGTH
126
83 FIELD STRENGTH AND VOLTAGE
128
84 INSULATORS
132
85 RESISTIVITY
138
86 CHARGE
142
STATIC ELECTRICITY AND PEOPLE
145
92 EFFECTS OF CHARGES ON PERSONS
146
93 ELECTRIC FIELD AND AIRBORNE PARTICULATES
148
APPLICATIONS OF STATIC ELECTRICITY
151
101 PRECIPITATION
152
102 SEPARATION
155
103 COATING
157
104 FLOCKING
161
106 PERMANENT POLARIZATION ELECTRETS
163
GLOSSARY
167
INDEX
183
Copyright

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About the author (2002)

Niels Jonassen is president of the Danish Veteran Car Club and chairman of the Danish Lancia Register. He works as a college lecturer and has already written six books on automotive history as well as magazine articles on the Lancia Aurelia. He lives in Humleboek, Denmark.