## Electrostimulation: Theory, Applications, and Computational ModelElectrostimulation is defined as the action of electrical energy on nerve and muscle OCo the two classes of excitable tissue. This cutting-edge resource offers you broad coverage of the subject, expanding the scope of electrostimulation discussions to include accidental, aversive, and possibly harmful biological effects of electrical energy. The book enables you to develop standards for human exposure to electric currents having various waveforms, determine classes of nerve fibers brought to excitation within specified regions of the body due to certain types of exposure, and quantify how harmonic distortions influence the excitability of sinusoidal extrostimulation. This practical reference also offers guidance in using the SENN (Spatially Extended Nonlinear Node) computer model that simulates the interaction of applied electric energy with myelinated neurons.Moreover, you learn how to compare efficacy and hazard potential of various stun weapons, assess unintended nerve stimulation from MRI exposure of patients with metallic implants, and compare the safety margins between electrostimulation thresholds of sensory and motor neurons relative to unintended cardiac excitation or painful sensory responses." |

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### Contents

3 | |

Theory Applications and Computational Model Chapter 2 Theoretical Foundations | 9 |

Theory Applications and Computational Model Chapter 3 Excitation Relationships | 23 |

Theory Applications and Computational Model Chapter 4 Threshold Criteria in Practical Applications | 45 |

Theory Applications and Computational Model Chapter 5 Selective Activation and Inhibition | 53 |

Theory Applications and Computational Model Chapter 6 Model Application to CFibers and the Heart | 65 |

Theory Applications and Computational Model Chapter 7 Waveform and Polarity Effects | 77 |

Theory Applications and Computational Model Chapter 8 Exposure Guidelines and Standards | 101 |

Theory Applications and Computational Model Chapter 11 Getting Started | 201 |

Theory Applications and Computational Model Chapter 12 Operating the Model | 209 |

Theory Applications and Computational Model Chapter 13 Stimulus Temporal Waveform and SpatialField Modes | 223 |

Theory Applications and Computational Model Chapter 14 Output Files for Analysis and Diagnostics | 269 |

Theory Applications and Computational Model Appendix ASpatial Potential Functions and PolarityIssues | 283 |

Theory Applications and Computational Model Appendix BSource Code Variables and TheirMathematical Equivalents Used in ThisBook | 291 |

Theory Applications and Computational Model Acronyms and Abbreviations | 293 |

Theory Applications and Computational Model References | 295 |

Theory Applications and Computational Model Chapter 9 Electrostimulation of the Central Nervous System | 135 |

Theory Applications and Computational Model Chapter 10 Electric Stun Devices and Electric Shock | 155 |

Theory Applications and Computational Model Part II Users Guide | 199 |

Theory Applications and Computational Model About the Authors | 321 |

323 | |

### Other editions - View all

Electrostimulation: Theory, Applications, and Computational Model J. Patrick Reilly,Alan M. Diamant No preview available - 2011 |

### Common terms and phrases

&END A-fibers active electrode amplitude anode applied axis axon biphasic waveform brain C-fibers cardiac cathodic central node Chapter charge coil cortex current density dart data.out DELT2M distance E-field effects electric field electrode electrodynamics electrostimulation energy EPOT equations example excitation node excitation threshold experimental external fiber diameter Figure frequency FT,s gradient human induced E-field ITER IWAVE magnetic field magnitude membrane mode monophasic square monopolar motor muscle myelinated nerve fiber neural neuron NNODES NODE 26 NODES 3 TMAX nonlinear Note NXGT peak phase duration phosphene polarity potential reaction recruitment volume Reilly reported response result rheobase threshold sample SD time constant SENN model sinewave sinusoidal spatial spinal square wave square-wave standard output window stimulation stimulus waveform synapse Table TASER International Taser X26 temporal threshold factor threshold of excitation tion tissue UIO2 VF threshold VMAX voltage waveform wire