## Elements of Geometry: Containing the First Six Books of Euclid with a Supplement on the Quadrature of the Circle, and the Geometry of Solids : to which are Added, Elements of Plane and Spherical Trigonometry |

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### Common terms and phrases

ABCD altitude angle ABC angle BAC base bisected Book called centre chord circle circle ABC circumference coincide common consequently construction cosine cylinder definition demonstrated described diameter difference divided double draw drawn equal equal angles equiangular equilateral Euclid exterior angle extremity fall fore four fourth given given straight line greater half Hence inscribed interior join less Let ABC magnitudes manner meet multiple opposite parallel parallelogram pass perpendicular plane polygon prism PROB produced PROP proportional proposition proved radius ratio reason rectangle contained rectilineal figure right angles segment shewn sides similar sine solid square straight line taken tangent THEOR third touch triangle ABC wherefore whole

### Popular passages

Page 51 - If a straight line be divided into two equal parts, and also into two unequal parts; the rectangle contained by the unequal parts, together with the square of the line between the points of section, is equal to the square of half the line.

Page 29 - Straight lines which are parallel to the same straight line are parallel to one another. Triangles and Rectilinear Figures. The sum of the angles of a triangle is equal to two right angles.

Page 12 - To draw a straight line through a given point parallel to a given straight line. Let A be the given point, and BC the given straight line.

Page 11 - Let it be granted that a straight line may be drawn from any one point to any other point. 2. That a terminated straight line may be produced to any length in a straight line. 3. And that a circle may be described from any centre, at any distance from that centre.

Page 72 - To draw a straight line from a given point, either without or in the circumference, which shall touch a given circle. First, let A be a given point without the given circle BCD : it is required to draw a straight line from A which shall touch the circle.

Page 84 - If from any point without a circle two straight lines be drawn, one of which cuts the circle, and the other touches it ; the rectangle contained by the whole line which cuts the circle, and the part of it without the circle, shall be equal to the square of the line which touches it.

Page 80 - The angle in a semicircle is a right angle ; the angle in a segment greater than a semicircle is less than a right angle ; and the angle in a segment less than a semicircle is greater than a right angle.

Page 22 - Any two sides of a triangle are together greater than the third side.

Page 53 - If a straight line be divided into any two parts, four times the rectangle contained by the whole line, and one of the parts, together with the square of the other part, is equal to the square of the straight line which is made up of the whole and that part.

Page 35 - Parallelograms upon the same base and between the same parallels, are equal to one another.