Elements of Speech Communication

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Rowman & Littlefield, Jan 1, 1995 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 372 pages
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Since its inception, The Elements of Speech Communication has been predicated on several beliefs about teaching and learning in communication. Good communication pedagogy combines insights gained from scholarship of all types as well as personal experience. Communication competence cannot be achieved by precept, it is a combination of understanding, sensitivity, skills, and ethical responsibility, and it is developed by a combination of theory, practice, and analysis. People understand and practice communication in many ways, and since the first edition of the book, the field of communication has expanded immensely its offering of useful concepts and ideas. This new edition has been affected by the growing literature in the field and by authors' expanding awareness of possibilities. Many of features that have always given The Elements of Speech Communication its character have been retained, so that the 'feel' of the book is about the same. Every chapter begins with a story or provocative allusion. Relevant photographs add interest and give pause for thought. And, of course, the image shifts, which have been unique to this book from its inception, still challenge students to look at the subject in new ways. To make the text easier the authors have added a complete glossary. A Collegiate Press book
 

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Contents

COMMUNICATION COMPETENCE
4
Understanding
5
Skills
6
Ethical Responsibility
7
TOOLS FOR IMPROVING COMMUNICATION
12
Analysis
13
The Individualistic Perspective
15
The Transmissional Perspective
16
Understanding and Improving Professional Communication
173
ENTERING A CAREER
174
Applying for Jobs
178
Making the Decision
183
INTERVIEWING
184
Types off Interviews
185
Types off Questions
189
Questioning Sequences
191

THE TRANSACTIONAL PERSPECTIVE
17
Context
18
Process
21
Function
23
SUMMARY
27
Basic Elements Language and Nonverbal Communication
29
THE CODING PROCESS
30
The Elements of Coding
31
Planned Spontaneous and Unintentional Coding
33
Communication and Metacommunication
34
LANGUAGE
37
NONVERBAL CODING
38
The Body
41
Voice
44
Objects
47
Space
50
Time
55
PROBLEMS OF CODING
56
Cultural and Contextual Blinders
58
Insensitivity to the Coding Complex
59
Inflexibility
60
Misreading Codes
62
Basic Elements Meaning and Thinking
65
THE NATURE OF MEANING
67
The Message
68
The Purpose
71
The Situation
72
The Channel
73
The Crux of Meaning
74
THE NATURE OF THINKING
77
Thinking to Solve Problems
86
MEANING AND THINKING
88
Allness
90
Bypassing
91
Misunderstanding Intentions
92
Inadequate Problem Solving
93
Basic Elements Information and Persuasion
95
THE USES AND PROCESSING OF INFORMATION
97
Information Processing
101
Information Load and Capacity
103
PERSUASION AS CHANGE
105
Beliefs Attitudes and Values
107
How People Change
111
Why People Resist Change
126
PROBLEMS OF INFORMATION AND PERSUASION
130
Information Load and Capacity
131
Timing
132
Appropriateness of Information
133
Mistrust
134
Intolerance for Ambiguity
135
SUMMARY
136
Communication Settings
139
Understanding and Improving Interpersonal Communication
141
A TRANSACTIONAL PERSPECTIVE
142
Communication Patterns in Relationships
144
Communication Needs in Relationships
147
Control in Relationships
150
Understanding Within Relationships
152
INTERPERSONAL CONFLICT
159
COMMUNICATING WITH FAMILY AND FRIENDS
164
Maintaining Dialogue
167
Expanding Awareness
170
SUMMARY
172
Situation Analysis
194
The Interview Schedule
196
SUPPORTIVENESS AND ASSERTIVENESS
198
Assertiveness
203
SUMMARY
206
Understanding and Improving Group Communication
207
UNDERSTANDING GROUP COMMUNICATION
208
The Transactional Approach
210
Interaction in Groups
212
Group Influence
217
COMMUNICATING EFFECTIVELY IN GROUPS
221
Preparing for the Discussion
227
Enhancing the Interpersonal Environment
229
ASSUMING LEADERSHIP FUNCTIONS
233
Managing Resources
236
SUMMARY
239
Public Communication Analysis
241
PERSPECTIVES AND CONCEPTS OF PUBLIC COMMUNICATION
242
Perspectives on Public Communication
243
Public Speaking Concepts
244
ANALYZING THE RHETORICAL SITUATION
246
Analyzing Yourself
247
Analyzing the Audience
252
Analyzing the Social Situation
258
Analyzing the Topic
262
Culmination of Situation Analysis
271
BRIDGING COMMUNICATIVE GAPS
272
SUMMARY
276
Public Communication Synthesis
279
DEVELOPING THE CENTRAL IDEA
280
Deductive and Inductive Approaches
281
Developing Information and Sharing Ideas
285
Using Stock Questions
289
Problems and Solutions
292
Using Supporting Materials
293
ORGANIZATION
294
The Introduction
296
The Conclusion
297
Accomplishing the Functions
298
Outlining
300
Charting
302
DELIVERY
304
Modes of Delivery
305
Functions of Delivery
308
Transmissional Characteristics off Delivery
311
Transactional Characteristics of Delivery
314
Preparing for Delivery
315
SUMMARY
317
Mass Communication Reception and Analysis
319
BASIC ISSUES AND CONCEPTS IN MASS COMMUNICATION
320
Functions of Mass Communication
323
Influences on the Media
326
Uses and Effects of Mass Media
328
IMPROVING MEDIA RECEIVERSHIP
330
Improving Assimilation
331
Improving Comprehension and Retention
332
Improving Critical Evaluation
333
SUMMARY
348
Notes
349
Glossary
357
Index
367
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About the author (1995)

\David M. Jabusch is professor emeritus of communication at The University of Utah. Stephen W. Littlejohn is a communication consultant, mediator, facilitator, and trainer. He is a partner in Domenici Littlejohn, Inc. and an associate for the Public Dialogue Consortium. Dr. Littlejohn is the author of Engaging Communication in Conflict: Systemic Practice, Moral Conflict: When Social Worlds Collide and has written numerous other books and articles on communication and conflict. He was a professor of communication at Humboldt State University in California for 26 years and is currently adjunct professor of Communication and Journalism at the University of New Mexico.

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