Elements of general history: ancient and modern, to which is added, a table of chronology

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F. Nichols, 1818 - World history - 196 pages
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Page 112 - IN enumerating those great objects which characterized the end of the fifteenth and the beginning of the sixteenth century, we remarked the high advancement to which the fine arts attained in Europe in the age of Leo X.
Page 29 - ... formation of society. The first sovereigns of all states are said to have instituted marriage ; and the earliest laws provided encouragements to matrimony. Among the ancient nations, the husband purchased his wife, by money, or personal services. Among the Assyrians the marriageable women were put up to auction ; and the price obtained for the more beautiful was assigned as a dowry to the more homely.
Page 171 - His reign was a continued series of miscarriages and defeats. The Dutch seized Brazil ; the French invaded Artois ; Catalonia revolted to France ; and Portugal shook off its yoke, and became an independent kingdom. 3. No revolution was ever effected with such ease and celerity as that of Portugal. The people were disgusted with the rigorous and impolitic administration ot Olivarez.
Page 194 - Senator must be at least 30 years of age and must have been a citizen of the United States for at least...
Page 68 - The Greek architecture consisted of three distinct orders; the Doric, the Ionic, and Corinthian. The Doric has a masculine grandeur, and a superior air of strength to both the others. It is, therefore, best adapted to works of great magnitude and of a sublime character. The character of sublimity is essentially connected with chasteness and simplicity. Of this order is the temple of Theseus at Athens, built ten years after the battle of Marathon, and at this day almost entire. The Ionic order is...
Page 36 - Cecropia, and was eminent both as a lawgiver and politician. 7. The Grecian history derives some authenticity at this period from the chronicle of Paros, preserved among the Arundelian Marbles at Oxford. — The authority of this chronicle has been questioned of late, and...
Page 113 - The patria potestas gave to every head of a family a sovereign authority over all the members that composed it; and this power, felt as a right of nature, was never abused. Plutarch has remarked, as a defect of the Roman laws, that they did not prescribe, as those of Lacedaemon, a system and rules for the education of youth.
Page 62 - Both kingdoms suffered from the distractions attending a regal minority. In England the contests for power between the king's uncles, Lancaster, York, and Gloucester, embroiled all public measures ; and the consequent disorders required a stronger hand to compose them than that of the weak and facile Richard. Taking advantage of the king's absence, then engaged in quelling an insurrection in Ireland, Henry of Lancaster rose in open rebellion, and compelled Richard, at his return, to resign the crown....
Page 11 - Paint ing and sculpture were only preserved from absolute extinction by the existing remains of ancient art. Charlemagne appears to have been anxious for the improvement of music ; and the Italians are said to have instructed his French performers in the art of playing on the organ. Architecture was studied and successfully cultivated in that style termed the Gothic, which admits of great beauty, elegance, and magnificence. The composition of Mosaic appears to have been an invention of those aees.
Page 20 - History, considered with respect to the nature of its subjects, may be divided into general and particular; and with respect to time, into ancient and modern. Ancient history commences with the creation, and extends to the reign of Charlemagne, in the year of our Lord eight hundred. Modern history, beginning with that period, reaches down to the present times. General history relates to nations and public affairs, and may be subdivided into ecclesiastical and civil, or according to some writers,...

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