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afterwards Alexander allies America ancient army arts assembly Assyria Athens attacked Austria authority battle became Britain British brother Buonaparte Caesar Carthage Carthaginians century character Charlemagne Charles christian church civil colonies command conquest constitution consul court crown death decemvirate declared decree defeated dominions duke East Egypt Emperor of Germany empire enemy England English established Europe favour fleet formed French Gauls Greece Greeks Henry honour island Italy King of France kingdom land latter laws Lewis liberty Macedon manners ment military minister monarch nations nature Ostrogoths parliament peace period Persians Philip Pompey Pope Portugal possession prince principles prisoner provinces queen reign religion republic revolution Roman Rome Russia Saracens sciences Scotland Sect SECTION senate Sicily ſ║ soon sovereign Spain Spaniards Sparta spirit subdued subjects succeeded success successor Sweden territory throne tion took treaty troops victory Visigoths
Page 191 - ... excellence of the material. 9. The morals of the Chinese have furnished much subject both of encomium and censure. The books of Confucius are said to contain a most admirable system of morality ; but the principles of morals have their foundation in human nature, and must, in theory, be every where the same. The moral virtues of a people are not to be estimated from the books of their philosophers. It is probable that the manners of the superior classes are in China, as elsewhere, much influenced...
Page 194 - In his time, the balance of power in Europe, was sustained by Spain, France, England and Germany, all, at this time, highly flourishing and respectable, either from the talents of their sovereigns, or their internal strength. Philip was an acute and able politician, though his policy partook somewhat of selfish cunning. He was sovereign of Spain, the two Sicilies, Milan, and the Netherlands. He had likewise, for a few years, the resources of England at command, by his marriage with Mary, the 'English...
Page 42 - Doric has a masculine grandeur, and a superior air of strength to both the others. It is therefore best adapted to works of great magnitude, and of a sublime character. The character of sublimity is essentially connected with chaste-ness and simplicity. Of this order is the temple of Theseus at Athens, built ten years after the battle of Marathon, and at this day almost entire. The Ionic order is light and elegant. The former has a masculine grandeur ; the latter a feminine elegance.
Page 447 - Weathersfield, in Connecticut, left Arnold to command the important post of West Point, which guards a pass in Hudson's river, about sixty miles from New York. Arnold's conduct in the city of Philadelphia, the preceding winter, had been censured; and the treatment he received in consequence, had given him offence. He determined to take revenge; and for this purpose he entered into a negotiation with Sir Henry Clinton to deliver West Point, and the army, into the hands of the British.
Page 168 - ... dominions were the subject of perpetual hostility. The emperor claimed Artois as part of the Netherlands. Francis prepared to make good his right to the two Sicilies. Charles had to defend Milan, and support his title to Navarre, which had been wrested from France by his grandfather Ferdinand. Henry VIII. of England was courted by the rival monarchs, as the weight of England was sufficient to turn the scale, where the power of each was nearly balanced.
Page 205 - Episcopal hierarchy was solemnly abolished (1638). To maintain this violent procedure, the Scots reformers took up arms ; and, after seizing and fortifying the most important places of strength in the kingdom, boldly marched into the heart of England. 12. It was now absolutely necessary to assemble a parliament; and the king at length saw that the torrent was irresistible, and resolved, though too late, to give it way.
Page 156 - Industry, good order, and perfect subordination, were the fruit of the excellent laws passed in this reign ; though the temper of the sovereign was despotic, and his avarice, in the latter part of his reign, prompted to the most oppressive exactions. 11. The government of Henry was disturbed by two very singular enterprises ; the attempt of Lambert Simnel, the son of a baker, to counterfeit the person of the earl of Warwick, son of the duke of Clarence ; and the similar attempt of Perkin Warbeck,...
Page 444 - The operations of the British began by the action on Long Island, in the month of August. The Americans were defeated, and general Sullivan and Lord Sterling, with a large body of men, were made prisoners. The night after the engagement, a retreat was ordered, and executed with such silence, that the Americans left the Island without alarming their enemies, and without loss. In September, the city of New- York was abandoned by the American army, and taken by the British.
Page 448 - General Washington had before this time moved the main body of his army, together with the French troops, to the southward ; and, as soon as he heard of the arrival of the French fleet in the Chesapeake, he made rapid marches to the head of the Elk, where, embarking, the troops soon arrived at Yorktown.