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allegiance ally applied arms authority belligerent belong binding blockaded port cargo citizens civil claim condemnation confiscation conquered territory conqueror conquest considered constitution consuls contraband contract declaration diplomatic distinction domicil duties effect enemy enemy's entitled established exemption exercise flag force foreign former Grotius high seas hostile individuals inhabitants intercourse international jurisprudence international law joint capture jurisdiction justify law of nations laws of war letter of credence liable license limited maritime martial law matter ment military occupation minister municipal laws national character nature neutral country neutral territory neutral vessel obligations offense officers owner particular parties peace of Westphalia persons possession postliminy principle prisoners prisoners of war prize courts protection public enemies publicists punishment question ransom recapture regarded regulated residence respect salute ship sovereign sovereignty stipulations tion trade treaty of peace tribunals truce United usage usually violation visitation and search voyage wars writers
Page 344 - On such transfer of territory, it has never been held that the relations of the inhabitants with each other undergo any change. Their relations with their former sovereign are dissolved, and new relations are created between them and the government which has acquired their territory. The same act which transfers their country transfers the allegiance of those who remain in it...
Page 243 - The neutral flag covers enemy's goods, with the exception of contraband of war ; 3. Neutral goods, with the exception of contraband of war, are not liable to capture under enemy's flag; 4. Blockades, in order to be binding, must be effective ; that is to say, maintained by a force sufficient really to prevent access to the coast of the enemy.
Page 243 - It is impossible for Her Majesty to forego the exercise of her right of seizing articles contraband of war, and of preventing Neutrals from bearing the Enemy's despatches, and she must maintain the right of a belligerent to prevent Neutrals from breaking any effective blockade which may be established with an adequate force against the Enemy's forts, harbours, or coasts. But Her Majesty will waive the right of seizing Enemy's property laden on board a neutral vessel, unless it be contraband of war.
Page 238 - That if any person shall, within the territory or jurisdiction of the United States, begin or set on foot, or provide or prepare the means for any military expedition or enterprise...
Page 271 - The Supreme Court of the United States has followed the less rigorous English rule, and held that the spoliation of papers was not, of itself, sufficient ground for condemnation, and that it was a circumstance open for explanation, for it may have arisen from accident, necessity, or superior force.
Page 237 - SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That if any person shall, within the territory or jurisdiction of the United States, enlist or enter himself, or hire or retain another person to enlist or enter himself, or to go beyond the limits or jurisdiction of tne United States with intent to be enlisted or entered...
Page 163 - This usage is a guide which the sovereign follows or abandons, at his will. The rule, like other precepts of morality, of humanity, and even of wisdom, is addressed to the judgment of the sovereign; and although it cannot be disregarded by him without obloquy, yet it may be disregarded. The rule is, in its nature, flexible. It is subject to infinite modification. It is not an immutable rule of law, but depends on political considerations which may continually vary.
Page 78 - And the United States hereby renounce forever, any Liberty, heretofore enjoyed or claimed by the Inhabitants thereof, to take, dry or cure Fish on, or within three marine Miles of any of the Coasts, Bays, Creeks or Harbours of His Britannic Majesty's Dominions in America not included within the abovementioned limits : Provided, however, that the American Fishermen shall be.
Page 344 - A country conquered by the British arms becomes a dominion of the King in the right of his Crown; and, therefore, necessarily subject to the Legislature, the Parliament of Great Britain. The 2d is, that the conquered inhabitants once received under the King's protection, become subjects, and are to be universally considered in that light, not as enemies or aliens.