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16th century Acoka character Acoka inscriptions Albiruni already appears Aryabhata Bombay Journal Brahmans Buddhist Caka Calukya Canarese Cave numerals century A. D. Cera Ceylon Cola Conjeveram consonant derived documents doubt Dravidian Dravidian languages dynasty earlier earliest early Eastern existence F. W. Ellis Fleet given Grammar grammarians Grantha Hindu Hiouen Thsang India Indian alphabets Indian Antiquary Jains Java Javanese Kaliriga Kawi kingdom kings language later law-books lekhyam letters literature Madras Madras Journal Mahavamso Malabar Malayalam mark mentioned modern Nagari Nannaya nth century numeral figures occur origin Palaeography Pallava Pandya Periplus Phoenician Phoenician alphabet phonetic plates Prakrit present probably Profr reign Reinaud remarkable royal grants Sanskrit Seven Pagodas seventh century South South-Indian specimens sutra Tamil alphabet Tamil country Tanjore tasya tatha Telugu temple trace Vatteluttu Vehgi Verigi Vijayanagara Vikramaditya vowels Western Calukya words writing written
Page 39 - ... Andhras, and some other great tribes of the South, reached a considerable degree of civilization by their own unassisted efforts, and independently of the Brahmans. And thus Burnell states in his Palaeography, that when Aryan civilization began to extend to the Tamil country in the ninth century, " it found there a people already in possession of the art of writing, and apparently a cultivated language. Thus Sanskrit .... remained almost exclusively in the knowledge of the Brahmans.
Page 6 - Persians, and probably the cuneiform writing which was known already, before the time of Darius, and is peculiar enough in its appearance, and different enough from the alphabet of the Hindus, to explain the fact that its name called for the formation of a separate word.
Page 47 - According to Burnell, the Vatteluttu is the original Tamil character, and it may also be termed the Pandyan writing, "as its use extended over the whole of that kingdom at its best period" and it "was once used in all that part of the peninsula south of Tanjore, and also in S. Malabar and Travancore where it still exists though in exceedingly limited use, and in a more modern form.
Page 49 - His ardent spirit and insatiable thirst after knowledge were perhaps unequalled : and the friends of Science must ever deplore his untimely fate. His principles as a man were, pure and spotless ; and as a friend he was firm and sincere. Few have passed through this life with fewer vices, or with a greater prospect of happiness in the next.
Page 71 - L'ère de Saca, nommée par les Indiens Sacakâla, est postérieure à celle de Vicramâditya de 135 ans. Saca est le nom d'un prince qui a régné sur les contrées situées entre l'Indus et la mer (le Golf du Bengale).
Page 4 - ... associate crude chants of the Vedic hymns to the establishment of the cultivated Brahmanic institutions on the banks of the Sarasvati, and the elaboration of Sanskrit grammar at Taxila, connecting the advance of their literature with the simplified but extended alphabet they constructed in the Arianian provinces out of a very archaic type of Phoenician, and whose graphic efficiency was so singularly aided by the free use of birch bark.
Page 71 - Indiens le font naître dans une classe autre que celle des (Kchatrias?) quelques-uns prétendent qu'il était Soudra et originaire de la ville de Mansoura. Il y en a même qui disent qu'il n'était pas de race Indienne, et qu'il tirait son origine des régions occidentales. Les peuples eurent beaucoup à souffrir de son despotisme, jusqu'à ce qu'il leur vînt du secours de l'Orient.
Page 4 - The Aryans invented no alphabet of their own for their special form of human speech, but were, in all their migrations, indebted to the nationality amid whom they settled for their instruction in the science of writing...