Elsevier's Dictionary of Archaeological Materials and Archaeometry in English with Translations of Terms in German, Spanish, French, Italian, and Portuguese

Front Cover
Elsevier, 1996 - Reference - 445 pages
Hardbound. This comprehensive and well-organized dictionary is addressed to readers interested in archaeology, ancient art and the natural sciences. It is intended to bridge existing gaps in information, communication and language, between these fields of study of the humanities and the sciences. The dictionary provides succint definitions of the materials and technologies used to produce, modify and shape materials in the past and concise introductions to the scientific concepts and techniques now used to identify, characterize and date ancient materials and the technologies of altering them.The range of topics covered in the dictionary extends from the basic properties and characteristics of materials used in antiquity, their alteration and transformation into other materials and the fabrication of artificial materials, to modern methods for ascertaining their composition and authenticity, dating them and establishing their geological and geographic

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Contents

Iron oxides minerals
147
Isotopes used in archaeological studies
149
Ancient kilns
154
Lacquers
157
Hide leather
161
Visible light
163
Coefficient of linear expansion
165
Archaeomaterials
175
Refractive index of gemstones
240
Remote sensing techniques
241
Natural resins
242
Softwoods
259
Specific gravity of archaeological materials
264
Tannins
275
Textile weaves
277
Natural waxes
299

Melting points of archaeological materials
177
The metals of antiquity
178
Mohs scale of hardness
183
Nondestructive methods of testing
193
Oils and fats
198
Ancient perfumes
211
pH
212
Physical methods of analysis
215
Ancient pigments
216
Pigment stains used in dyeing
217
Serial publications on the application of the natural sciences and technology to archaeology
226
measuring techniques and age range
235
hardness grades
301
Zinc minerals
307
Bibliography
309
Indices
363
Deutsch
367
Espanol
383
Francais
399
Italiano
415
Portugues
431
Postscript
445
Copyright

About the author (1996)

Zvi Goffer, who received his B.sc. and Ph.D. degrees from the University of London, is a research scientist now retired from the Soreq Nuclear Research Center, Israel. He lectured on Archaeometry at Tel Aviv and Beer Sheba Universities and at the Weizmann Institute of Science in Israel, and was a visiting scientist with the Scientific Archaeology groups at Tokyo National University of Fine Arts, Harvard University, and the Weizmann Institute of Science.

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