Emergencies in Critical Care
Martin Beed, Richard Sherman, Ravi Mahajan
OUP Oxford, Oct 25, 2007 - Medical - 560 pages
This essential handbook provides a practical, accessible guide to all emergency situations encountered in the critical care setting. Emergencies are very common in the critical care setting; but also surprisingly predictable. This book helps critical care staff identify those at risk, how to manage them, and be prepared in the ward. The book is split into two halves: the first about emergencies within specific systems; the second concentrates on various conditions or groups of patients. Most chapters begin with a generic description of how to manage emergencies affecting that system, or patient group. This is followed by details of specific diagnoses and how they should be managed. The author team have also tried, where possible, to follow the 'ABC' approach, which is not only the standard approach to emergency management, but also a widely-used scheme for documenting daily reviews on ICU and for documenting trauma management. This book will help all critical care staff involved with the management of emergencies, from the new junior doctor to the experienced staff nurse and consultant in a portable and easily-readable format.
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6-hourly abdominal ABGs acute airway obstruction and/or antibiotics arrhythmias arterial associated bleeding blood bradycardia breathing calcium cardiac arrest cardiogenic Cardiovascular catheter cause chest circulation as required complications Consider CT scan decreased consciousness Differential diagnoses disease drugs dyspnoea endotracheal intubation FiO2 fluid resuscitation Further management Further reading Give O2 haemorrhage hypercapnia hyperkalemia hypertension hypocalcaemia hypoglycaemia hypotension hypothermia hypoxia Immediate management increased infection infusion inotropes Investigations ischaemia levels LFTs lung magnesium mechanical ventilation meningitis metabolic acidosis mg/kg mmHg mmol/L monitoring muscle myocardial neurological O2 as required occur OHCC OHEA oxygen pain patients Pitfalls/difficult situations platelet pneumonia Presentation and assessment pressure pulmonary oedema pyrexia renal failure respiratory distress risk sedation seizures sepsis Serum glucose severe shock signs and symptoms sodium sputum support airway surgery surgical suspected syndrome tachycardia tachypnoea tension pneumothorax therapy thrombolysis tracheostomy transfusion trauma treat treatment U&Es urinary urine venous vomiting