Emergency Toxicology: Management of Common Poisons
S. K. Gupta, T. Kaleekal, S. S. Preshin
CRC Press, 2003 - Medical - 169 pages
Emergency medical personnel and physicians need an accurate, concise toxicology guide to properly diagnose and treat patients that have been poisoned. Such a guide is critical in a region or environment in which medical personnel cannot connect to a centralized poison control center or database.
By referring to Emergency Toxicology: Management of Common Poisons, medical professionals can quickly identify and counteract the toxins that threaten their patients. This clear, thorough compilation provides guidelines for treating poisoning cases, and includes current toxicological information on commonly encountered drugs, pesticides, household products, industrial chemicals, environmental toxins, heavy metals, and various miscellaneous agents.
By briefly describing the use, mechanisms of toxicity, toxic dose, diagnosis, and clinical features of each substance, this book enables emergency personnel and physicians to expertly manage both the prehospital and hospital portions of a patient's ordeal, saving lives and accelerating recovery time.
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acid activated charcoal Administer activated charcoal adult airway and assist anticonvulsants antihistamines arrhythmias arterial blood gases assist ventilation barbiturates based on history botulism cardiac cathartic cause chest X-ray Clinical features CNS depression coma compounds concentrations contain corrosive cyanosis death dermal Diagnosis Diagnosis Diagnosis is based diarrhea dyspnea effects electrolytes emesis emesis with syrup enzyme ethanol function tests fungicides gastric lavage gastrointestinal glucose headache hepatic history of exposure Hospital hyperthermia hypocalcemia hypotension induce emesis intoxication irritation Laboratory/Monitoring levels lithium liver Management Pre-hospital Mechanism of toxicity mercury metabolic acidosis methemoglobin methemoglobinemia mg/kg mild Monitor electrolytes muscle nausea occur oral overdose oxygen patients Perform gastric lavage potassium produce prothrombin pulmonary edema renal failure respiratory depression seizures with anticonvulsants serum Severe toxicity signs and symptoms skin sodium specific antidote sting sulphate supportive and symptomatic syrup of ipecac tachycardia Toxic dose toxicity toxin Treatment is supportive vasopressors vomiting