Emerging Technologies for Nutrition Research: Potential for Assessing Military Performance Capability
Committee on Military Nutrition Research, Institute of Medicine, Sydne J. Newberry, Rebecca B. Costello
National Academies Press, Sep 9, 1997 - Medical - 711 pages
The latest of a series of publications based on workshops sponsored by the Committee on Military Nutrition Research, this book's focus on emerging technologies for nutrition research arose from a concern among scientists at the U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine that traditional nutrition research, using standard techniques, centered more on complex issues of the maintenance or enhancement of performance, and might not be sufficiently substantive either to measure changes in performance or to predict the effects on performance of stresses soldiers commonly experience in operational environments. The committee's task was to identify and evaluate new technologies to determine whether they could help resolve important issues in military nutrition research. The book contains the committee's summary and recommendations as well as individually authored chapters based on presentations at a 1995 workshop. Other chapters cover techniques of body composition assessment, tracer techniques for the study of metabolism, ambulatory techniques for the determination of energy expenditure, molecular and cellular approaches to nutrition, the assessment of immune function, and functional and behavioral measures of nutritional status.
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COMMITTEE SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONS
TECHNIQUES OF BODY COMPOSITIONASSESSMENT
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acid activity adipose tissue analysis anthropometric antibodies antigen application Army Research Institute assays assessment binding bioelectrical impedance bioelectrical impedance analysis Biol blood body composition body fat body water bone mineral cells cellular changes cholera toxin Clin clinical cognitive performance correlation cytokines DEXA doubly labeled water effects energy expenditure equations estimate evaluation field Friedl function gene expression glucose glycogen Heymsfield human immune response immunoglobulin Immunol interleukin-1 laboratory levels lymphocytes magnetic resonance mass measurement metabolic metabolic cost method Military Nutrition Research monitoring mucosal immunity muscle Natick noninvasive Nutr nutritional status oxidation oxygen patients percent peripheral physical Physiol physiological plasma positron emission tomography potential prediction protein receptor regulation samples serum simulator soldiers specific spectroscopy stable isotopes studies synthesis T-cells techniques technologies tion TNF-o tomography total body tracer transcription factors U.S. Army Research vaccines validity Virella vivo volume zinc