Emotional Memory Failures
Ineke Wessel, Daniel B. Wright
Psychology Press, 2004 - Psychology - 144 pages
The beginning of the 1990's saw a partisan debate about the nature of recovered memories for highly emotional events. Some authors claimed that recovered memories of trauma always referred to veridical memories that had been inaccessible for years. Others argued that such memories were false by definition and that they were created by therapeutic attempts to uncover trauma that was believed to lie at the root of anxiety or depression. Although the debate soon moved to a middle ground, both sides fuelled the development of relevant experimental paradigms to explore the mechanisms for how false memories might be created and also how true memories might be forgotten. Examples are studies looking at memory implanting, false word memory, and retrieval-induced forgetting in the mid-1990's. Many studies using such paradigms, however, relied on emotionally neutral material. Studies relating to trauma were less readily available. Now more and more researchers are bridging this gap, testing whether emotive material can be implanted and forgotten and whether there are special populations more susceptible to these effects. This special issue brings together papers examining emotion and memory malleability, both providing a picture of the state-of-the-art research and pushing the field forward.
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On forgetting and reconstructing emotional
1nhibiting retrieval of trauma cues in adults reporting histories of childhood
What do repressors forget and when do they forget?
Are repressive copers good suppressors?
Selfinduced memory distortions and the allocation of processing resources
Happiness and the malleability of event memory
Altering traumatic memory
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Abnormal Psychology analyses Anderson ANOVA anxiety and defensiveness asked autobiographical memories Barnier Bjork Brewin category cue words Cognitive Psychology Conway defensive high anxious Derakshan directed forgetting dissociation effect embarrassed event emotional material emotional valence encoding event-related thoughts experiment experimental Eysenck happy high anxiety High defensiveness implicit memory interaction Journal of Personality levels low anxiety low anxious McNally MCSD memory clarity memory distortions Myers negative information negative memories negative words neutral words nonrepressors O. J. Simpson Personality and Social positive words PostRP practised predicted PreRP Press private condition processing resources proud event recall task recovered memories reduced remember reported repressed memory repressive coping style repressors repressors and nonrepressors retrieval inhibition retrieval-practice Schacter Schwartz scores self-relevant sexual abuse Shane significant Sobel test Social Psychology stimuli suggestion TBR words thought suppression TMAS trait anxiety trauma words unpractised unwanted verdict Weinberger words recalled