Emotional Development: The Organization of Emotional Life in the Early Years

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Cambridge University Press, Sep 28, 1997 - 263 pages
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In the past, researchers have treated the development of the emotions and the task of emotional regulation as two separate topics, the former emphasizing "normative" questions and the latter emphasizing "individual" differences. Until now, understanding the first topic has never been seen as relevant for the second. This is the area pioneered by Emotional Development. This book presents the early phases of emotional life from a developmental perspective. It argues that emotional generation hinges on the developing ability to express arousal or "tension" in accordance with one's context. It reveals the common core processes underlying the emergence of specific emotions and the capacity for emotional regulation. The book also explains the timing of emotional emergence, why emotions function as they do, and individual styles of emotional regulation. Close ties between emotional development, cognitive, social and CNS development are discussed, as well.
 

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Contents

A developmental perspective on emotions
3
Developmental questions
4
Guiding assumptions
7
The plan of the book
9
Conceptual issues underlying the study of emotion
11
Theoretical issues
16
Conceptual and methodological issues for studying emotional development
26
Moving toward a synthesis
34
Cognitive underpinnings of emotion and emotional development
120
The reciprocal influence of affect on cognition
128
Conclusion
130
Meaning evaluation and emotion
131
Determinants of joy or fear in the face of novelty
133
The role of evaluation
135
Implications for the role of the caregiverinfant relationship
143
a general developmental approach to individual differences in emotional development
146

a developmental perspective on the classic issues
36
Emotion and the organization of development
38
The unity of development
39
The nature and organization of development
41
Themes in the organization of infant development
43
Conclusion
51
The unfolding of the emotions
53
An organizational perspective on the emergence of emotions
55
Emotions as constructs
56
Ontogenesis of the emotions
57
Stages in the development of affect
66
Conclusion
75
The development of joy a prototype for the study of emotion
77
The ontogenesis of smiling and laughter
78
The tension modulation hypothesis
91
Other explanations of infant smiling
96
principles of development revealed by smiling research
99
The development of fear further illustration of the organizational viewpoint
101
Stages in the development of early fear reactions
102
The role of meaning in infant aversive reactions
106
Reactions to strangers
109
Arousal modulation in aversive situations
113
Conclusion
116
The interdependence of affect and cognition
117
Coordination in the sequencing of cognitive and affective development
118
Emotional development and individual adaptation
149
The social nature of emotional development
151
Becoming an emotional being
152
Early experience and later emotional functioning
155
The developmental issues framework
157
Issues for infant and caregiver in infancy
159
the unity of development
170
Attachment the dyadic regulation of emotion
172
Attachment as an organizational construct
174
Assessing individual differences in the quality of attachment
180
Research support for attachment as an organizational construct
185
causality in an organizational perspective
190
The emergence of the autonomous self caregiverguided selfregulation
192
Normative development in the toddler period
195
The context of toddler emotional development
200
Individual differences in the toddler period
203
Conclusion
212
The growth of selfregulation
214
Normative aspects of emotional development in the preschool years
216
Individual differences in the preschool period
218
Conclusion
232
Summation
235
References
239
Index
259
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Page 253 - In NA Krasnegor, EM Blass, MA Hofer, & WP Smotherman (Eds.), Perinatal development: A psychobiological perspective (pp.
Page 242 - Socioemotional development. In PH Mussen (Ed.), Handbook of child psychology (4th ed.) (Vol.

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