Empathy and Moral Development: Implications for Caring and Justice

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Cambridge University Press, Nov 12, 2001 - Psychology - 331 pages
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Contemporary theories have generally focused on either the behavioral, cognitive or emotional dimensions of prosocial moral development. In this volume, these three dimensions are brought together while providing the first comprehensive account of prosocial moral development in children. The main concept is empathy--one feels what is appropriate for another person's situation, not one's own. The book's focus is empathy's contribution to altruism and compassion for others in physical, psychological, or economic distress; feelings of guilt over harming someone; feelings of anger at others who do harm; feelings of injustice when others do not receive their due. Also highlighted are the psychological processes involved in empathy's interaction with certain parental behaviors that foster moral internalization in children and the psychological processes involved in empathy's relation to abstract moral principles such as caring and distributive justice. This important book is the culmination of three decades of study and research by a leading figure in the area of child and developmental psychology.
 

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Contents

Introduction and Overview
1
Innocent Bystander
27
Empathy Its Arousal and Prosocial Functioning
29
Development of Empathic Distress
63
Empathic Anger Sympathy Guilt Feeling of Injustice
93
Transgression
111
Guilt and Moral Internalization
113
From Discipline to Internalization
140
Empathy and Moral Principles
219
Interaction and Bonding of Empathy and Moral Principles
221
Development of EmpathyBased Justice Principles
250
MultipleClaimant and CaringVersusJustice Dilemmas
263
Culture
271
The Universality and Culture Issue
273
Intervention
285
Implications for Socialization and Moral Education
287

Virtual Transgression
173
Relationship Guilt and Other Virtual Guilts
175
Is Empathy Enough?
195
Empathys Limitations OverArousal and Bias
197
References
299
Author Index
319
Subject Index
325
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