Empathy and Moral Development: Implications for Caring and Justice

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Cambridge University Press, Nov 12, 2001 - Psychology - 331 pages
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Contemporary theories have generally focused on either the behavioral, cognitive or emotional dimensions of prosocial moral development. In this volume, these three dimensions are brought together while providing the first comprehensive account of prosocial moral development in children. The main concept is empathy--one feels what is appropriate for another person's situation, not one's own. The book's focus is empathy's contribution to altruism and compassion for others in physical, psychological, or economic distress; feelings of guilt over harming someone; feelings of anger at others who do harm; feelings of injustice when others do not receive their due. Also highlighted are the psychological processes involved in empathy's interaction with certain parental behaviors that foster moral internalization in children and the psychological processes involved in empathy's relation to abstract moral principles such as caring and distributive justice. This important book is the culmination of three decades of study and research by a leading figure in the area of child and developmental psychology.
 

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Contents

Introduction and Overview
3
Innocent Bystander
29
Empathy Its Arousal and Prosocial Functioning
31
Development of Empathic Distress
65
Empathic Anger Sympathy Guilt Feeling of Injustice
95
Transgression
113
Guilt and Moral Internalization
115
From Discipline to Internalization
142
Empathy and Moral Principles
221
Interaction and Bonding of Empathy and Moral Principles
223
Development of EmpathyBased Justice Principles
252
MultipleClaimant and CaringVersusJustice Dilemmas
265
Culture
273
The Universality and Culture Issue
275
Intervention
287
Implications for Socialization and Moral Education
289

Virtual Transgression
175
Relationship Guilt and Other Virtual Guilts
177
Is Empathy Enough?
197
Empathys Limitations OverArousal and Bias
199

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