Employment and Unemployment: A Social-Psychological Analysis
This book was first published in 1982. Unemployment is perhaps one of the most serious social problems. In economic terms the cost of unemployment, both to the individual and to the collective, is extremely high. But unemployment has other effects too. In this book Marie Jahoda looks beyond the obvious economic consequences, to explore the psychological meaning of employment and unemployment. The book is an accessible and nontechnical account of the contribution which social psychology can make to understanding unemployment and clearly reveals the limitations of an exclusive concentration on its economic aspects. Professor Jahoda shows that the psychological impact is hugely destructive, throwing doubt on the popular diagnosis that the work ethic is disappearing. She also analyses the experience of unemployment in the context of the experience of employment and argues that one of the socially destructive consequences of large-scale unemployment is that it detracts from the need to humanise employment.
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Definitions and their implications
Social and psychological consequences of unemployment
Employment and unemployment in the nineteeneighties
Can employment be humanised?
Looking back and looking ahead
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absence activities alienation arrangements benefits categories of experience consequences of unemployment countries course demonstrated depression deprivation division of labour economic effects efforts employed employees employment and unemployment employment conditions enterprises evidence example fact factors frustration generalisations Hawthorne studies Henri Tajfel housewives Human Relations humanisation idea improved increased indicators individual industrialised societies inevitably institutions involved job enlargement job enrichment labour force lack less level of aspiration majority managers manual workers Marienthal mass unemployment ment modern occupations organisation participation in decision-making particularly poverty production psychological burden psychological consequences purposes reasons reduced relatively reports response riots satisfaction school-leavers shopfloor situation skills social experience social pathology social psychology socio-technical systems standard of living status structure studies systematic task Tavistock Institute thirties trade unions unem unemployed unemployment rates University of Bremen unskilled West Germany young