Empowerment in Practice: From Analysis to Implementation

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"This document offers an excellent explanation of the concept of empowerment and develops a very useful framework for disentangling and clarifying the concept. It is both practical and well justified on the basis of the literature. The approach and survey instruments developed to measure empowerment are innovative and very useful. Developing an approach to empirically measure empowerment, and to track empowerment indicators over time in a way that is operationally feasible and consistent with World Bank standards is certainly an outstanding achievement."Reginer Birner, Senior Researc.

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Page 234 - A exercises power over B when A affects B in a manner contrary to B's interests.12 There are, however, alternative (no less contestable) ways of conceptualising power, involving alternative criteria of significance. Let us look at two of them. Consider, first, the concept of power elaborated by Talcott Parsons [26, 21, 28, 29].
Page 236 - ... because of the meaning of money and authority. Giddens (1984) believes that power is intrinsic to human agency. He believes that social actors are never completely governed by social forces. Even when they display outward compliance, people make rational assessments of any given situation and its viable alternatives; thus, compliance is a choice and does not automatically entail agreement. Giddens argues that the analysis of power entails uncovering the subtle mix of what actors do and refrain...
Page 81 - Papers (PRSPs) describe a country's macroeconomic, structural, and social policies and programs to promote growth and reduce poverty, as well as associated external financing needs. PRSPs are prepared by governments through a participatory process involving civil society and development partners, including the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund.
Page 233 - ... the spiritual strength and uniqueness that resides in each one of us and makes us truly human. Its basis is self-acceptance and self-respect which extend, in turn, to respect for and acceptance of others as equals (Rowlands, 1997: 13).
Page 222 - Bank's expanded definition, for example, sees it as 'the expansion of assets and capabilities of poor people to participate in, negotiate with, influence, control, and hold accountable institutions that affect their lives' (worldbank.org, author's emphasis).
Page 237 - Here we confront the central paradox of power: the power of an agency is increased in principle by that agency delegating authority; the delegation of authority can only proceed by rules; rules necessarily entail discretion and discretion potentially empowers delegates. From this arises the tacit and taken-for-granted basis of organizationally negotiated order, and on occasion, its fragility and instability, as has been so well observed by Strauss (1978).
Page 296 - How often do you read the newspaper - every day, a few times a week, once a week, less than once a week, or never?
Page 231 - A general definition which we favor defines power as the extent to which A can get B to do something that B would not otherwise do.
Page 338 - ... 1 Much more 2 A little more 3 About the same 4 A little less 5 Much less...

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