Empty Fortress

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Simon and Schuster, 1967 - Psychology - 484 pages
1 Review
Focusing on three case histories, the author attempts to reveal the problems and struggles of the autistic child
 

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User Review  - Arseny - LibraryThing

This book is so severely outdated, that it has become interesting and important again. Have you ever heard about this old school in psychology and psychiatry that deducted all psychiatric problems ... Read full review

Contents

In the Region of Shadows
3
Joey
10
Where the Self Begins
13
Strangers to Life
50
A Note on Passionate Indifference
89
Laurie
95
A sheet torn into one long strip
139
A boundary of sine curves
145
First DAYs AT THE school
250
A MACHIN EPOWERED BoDY
261
Feces extracted by electricity
265
world of MIRE
272
A dinosaur eliminating
274
The BoDY Autistic
283
RegRession As Progress
290
keNRAD the terrible
298

EARLY DAYS AT THE SCHOOL
161
Begin NINGs of selfassertion
170
RELATING
177
Bolic Expression
184
EARLY identity
198
THE 1 APPEARs
206
Work in G T H Rou Gh 21 i
214
MORE WORKING THROUGH 2 2 1
221
Joeys nighttime machinery
237
out PATIENT TREATMENT
242
The electric papoose
302
Mitchell the Good
309
TH F Mi RAculous EGG
320
No More Pox No More Ash
327
Persistence of a Myth
343
Etiology and Treatment
385
On the Nature of Autism
424
Bibliography
461
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On Death and Dying
Elisabeth Kübler-Ross
No preview available - 1973
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About the author (1967)

Bruno Bettelheim had remarkable success in treating deeply emotionally disturbed children. A pupil of Sigmund Freud, he was a vehement opponent of the operant conditioning methods of B. F. Skinner and other behaviorists. Austrian-born, Bettelheim came to the United States in 1939. Profoundly influenced by the year he spent in a German concentration camp during World War II, he reflects in his writings his sensitivity and knowledge of the fear and anxiety induced under such conditions. His famous Individual and Mass Behavior (1943), first published in a scientific periodical and then in pamphlet form, is a study of the human personality under the stress of totalitarian terror and concentration-camp living. Bettelheim sees a relationship between the disturbances of the concentration camp survivors and those of the autistic, or rigidly withdrawn, children whom he describes in The Empty Fortress (1967), because both have lived through extreme situations. The Children of the Dream (1969) describes with considerable enthusiasm the absence of neurosis in children brought up on kibbutzim in Israel in groups of other children and cared for by adults who are not their parents. Bettelheim believes that American ghetto children would benefit from this kind of experience in preference to the at best partial help of present programs designed to accelerate educational progress for the deprived. From 1944 to 1973, Bettelheim served as the principal of the Sonia Shankman Orthogenic School, a residential laboratory for the treatment of disturbed children at the University of Chicago. Up until his death in 1990, Bettelheim remained active in his scholarly pursuits, continuing to write about the nurturing of healthy children and devoting himself to improving the human condition.

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