Empty Pastures: Confined Animals and the Transformation of the Rural Landscape
Over the past century American agriculture has shifted dramatically with small, commercial farms finding it increasingly difficult to compete with large-scale (mostly indoor) animal feeding operations (AFOs). In this book, Terence J. Centner investigates the environmental, social, economic, and political impact of the rise of the so-called factory farm, exposing the ramifications of the contemporary trend toward industrial-scale food production.
Just as Rachel Carson's landmark Silent Spring used the disappearance of songbirds as a jumping-off point for a work that raised public awareness of pesticides' devastating environmental impact, Empty Pastures sees the dwindling numbers of livestock in the American countryside as a symptom of a broader transformation, one with serious consequences for the rural landscape and its inhabitants--animal as well as human.
After outlining the rise of the AFO, Centner examines the troubling consequences of consolidation in animal farming and suggests a number of remedies. The issues he tackles include groundwater contamination, the loss of biodiversity, animal welfare, concentrated odors and other nuisances, soil erosion, and the economic effects of the disappearance of the small family farm.
Inspired by largely abandoned traditional practices rather than a radical and unrealistic vision of a return to an idealized past, Centner proposes a series of pragmatic reforms for regulating factory farms to halt ecological degradation and revitalize rural communities.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
2 Changes in Agricultural Production
3 The Production of Animals
4 Concentrations of Animals and Water Pollution
5 State AFO Regulations
6 The Environment of Rural America
7 Agricultural Conservation Efforts
Illustrations follow page 102
8 Odors and Nuisance Law
Other editions - View all
acreage additional Administrative Code adopt AFOs agencies agricultural agricultural production Agricultural Statistics American animal production animal-waste antibiotics areas beneﬁts BMPs buffers CAFO regulations Clean Water Act conﬁned conﬁnement conservation contamination costs countryside cows creek crops dairy Department of Agriculture Department of Environmental difﬁculties discharge disposal efﬁciency enforcement environment Environmental Protection Environmental Quality facilities farm farmers federal feedlots fertilizer ﬁelds ﬁnancial ﬁnd ﬁrms ﬁrst ﬁsh funds governmental governments groundwater hogs Ibid involves Iowa lagoons land legislation liability livestock manure ment National Natural Resources negligence per se neighbors nitrogen non-point-source pollution North Carolina NPDES nuisance law number of animals nutrient-management plans nutrients odors Ofﬁce pasture percent permit phosphorus piglets plant poultry practices problems proﬁts programs reduce regulatory requirements right-to-farm laws riparian riparian zones rural America signiﬁcant sows species speciﬁc Statutes Telephone tion today’s tural unwanted pesticides USDA violation Washington Water Quality