Encyclopedia of Twentieth-century Photography, Volume 1
Routledge, 2005 - Photography - 1824 pages
: These definitions err on the side of succinctness and are intended to be beginning points for the
serious student. An attempt to standardize terminology commonly found in the medium of fine arts
photographs that avoids copyrighted term or trade names (‘‘dye-destruction print’’ in lieu of ‘‘Cibachrome’’
and so on) has been made using guidelines set forth by the J. Paul Getty Institute. In acknowledgment of the
increase in collecting vintage prints and the perennial interest in historical processes, many nineteenth
century processes and obsolete terms are included.
Cross referencing within the glossary is indicated by italics; encyclopedia entries are indicated by small
The primary colors of red, green and blue which are mixed to form all other colors in photo-
graphic reproduction. See entry
COLOR THEORY: NATURAL AND SYNTHETIC
Trade name for a subtractive color film manufactured by the European company Agfa-Gevaert;
analogous to Kodachrome and Ansocolor.
Prints obtained from a process in wide use during the nineteenth century in which paper is
prepared with an albumen emulsion obtained from egg whites and made light sensitive with a silver nitrate
solution. See also
Dry plate processes
An orange acetate historically used for masking mechanicals during the process of preparing plates for
commercial printing. The area so masked photographs as black to the camera, printing clear on the
resulting positive film. See also
An image created by the collodion process, historically on glass, which gives the illusion of being
positive when placed against a dark backing, often a layer of black lacquer, paper, or velvet. Also
An image featuring differing scales of magnification across the picture plane, especially
varying along the vertical and horizontal axes, with the result being extreme distortion.
A rapid-drying oil-based solvent used in the preparation of dyes and inks for photographic
A method of making prints directly from line art (drawings) on translucent materials bypassing
the need for a negative. Also see
Angle of incidence
The measurement in degrees in terms of the deviation from the perpendicular of the angle at
which light hits a surface.
Angle of view
The measurement in degrees of the angle formed by lines projected from the optical center of a lens
to the edges of the field of view. This measurement is used to identify lenses and their appropriateness to
capture various widths or degrees of actual space in a photographic representation, thus an extreme
telephoto lens captures between 6 and 15
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Encyclopedia of twentieth-century photographyUser Review - Not Available - Book Verdict
This three-volume encyclopedia, edited by Warren (curator, Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago), surveys photographic history and practice for the last 100 years. The thematic list of more than 500 A ... Read full review
The most comprehensive photographer / photography 20th century refence book to date. This and the Oxford Companion are a must for every library.