Encyclopedia of Distance Learning

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Howard, Caroline
Idea Group Inc (IGI), Apr 30, 2005 - Law - 2418 pages
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The innovations in computer and communications technologies combined with on-going needs to deliver educational programs to students regardless of their physical locations, have lead to the innovation of distance education programs and technologies. To keep up with recent developments in both areas of technologies and techniques related to distance education programs, educators, administrators, and researchers are in constant needs of learning about issues, solutions, and challenges of these technologies.

The Encyclopedia of Distance Learning offers the most comprehensive coverage of the issues, concepts, trends, and technologies of distance learning. Over 400 international contributors from over 35 countries have provided extensive coverage of topics such as workforce training, accessing education, digital divide, and the evolution of distance and online education into a multibillion dollar enterprise. This 4-volume set encyclopedia is edited by leading international experts with multiple years of professional and academic experience in the field. With more than 2,000 terms and definitions and over 6,000 additional references, this authoritative 4-volume encyclopedia is considered the foremost reference source for the latest understanding, discoveries, and research in the field of distance learning. The Encyclopedia of Distance Learning (4 volume set) is an excellent source of comprehensive knowledge and literature on the topic of distance learning programs.

 

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Encyclopedia of Distance Learning

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Divided into four thematic volumes (Distance Learning Technologies and Applications; International Computer-Based Learning; Support Services and Distance Education; Online Learning and Technologies ... Read full review

Contents

Information Literacy
1091
InformationRich Learning Contexts
1093
Infusion of Technology into the P16 Environment
1099
Innovation and Technology for 21st Century Education
1101
Innovation in WebEnhanced Learning
1110
Instructional Delivery and Learning Outcomes in Distance Learning
1117
The Intangibles
1123
Integrating Library Services into WebBased Learning Curriculum
1124

Accreditation and Recognition in Distance Learning
29
Adaptive Knowledge Exxosomatics for ELearning
38
Adaptive WebBased Learning Framework
44
Administrative Concerns for Distance Learning
53
Administrative Controls in Internet Courses
56
Adult Illiteracy
64
Adult Learners in Higher Education
72
Advancing the Effective Use of Technology in Higher Education
79
Analyzing Collaboration in Online Communications
83
Andragogy
90
AnonymityFeatured Group Support Systems and Creativity
97
Asynchronous vs Synchronous
104
Automobile Traffice Impact of Distance Learning
114
The Beam Analysis Tool BAT
120
Behaviorism
127
Benefits of a Content MultiPurposing Model
148
Better Use of Digital Images in Teaching and Learning
152
Between Tradition and Innovation in ICT and Teaching
159
The Birth of Virtual Libraries
166
Blended Learning Environments
172
Bringing Out the Best in Virtual Teams
180
Building a Systems to Deliver Programs at a Distance
187
Building Trust for Interactive ELearning
192
Calling on Constructivist Theory to Support InternetBased InformationRich Learning
196
Challenges and Opportunities of ComputerBased Learning for Senior Citizens
204
Change Creation for Online Learning and Technology
211
Change Management and Distance Education
218
The Changing Role of Faculty
224
A Checklist for a New Millennium School Science Department
231
Classroom Critical Incidents
233
Cognitive Approaches to Understanding the Challenge of ComputerBased Learning
240
Cognitive Profiling in LifeLong Learning
245
Collaboration Among Multicultural Virtual Teams
256
Collaboration in Online Communications
264
Collaborative and Cooperative Learning
269
Collaborative Learning in a ContributionOriented Pedagogy
277
Collaborative Learning Technologies
284
Collaborative TeleLearning Issues and Observations
290
Communicating Across Boundaries
297
Communication and Media Theory
299
Community Colleges in America and Distance Learning
302
Community in Virtual Learning Environments
304
Completion Rates and Distance Learning
310
Compressed Video for the Global Village
317
Computer Animation
323
Computer AssistedAided Language Learning
331
ComputerAided Language Learning
337
ComputerAssisted Language Learning in East Asia
340
ComputerMediated Communication
353
A Computers Teacher Power
365
Conceiving a Learning Organization Model for Online Education
367
Connecting K12 Schools in Higher Education
374
Consensus Building Using EResearch
379
Constructing Knowledge through Online Bulletin Board Discussions
386
Constructivist Teaching and Learning in a WebBased Environment
394
Contextual Design of Online Learning Technologies
400
Continuing Science Education of the Global Public
408
ContributionOriented Pedagogy
415
The Cooperation Solution for Universities
423
Cooperative Agents in WebBased Distance Learning
430
Copyright with an International Perspective for Academics
440
CostEffectiveness
455
Creating an Electronic Student Teaching Portfolio
462
Creating and Sustaining Online Learning Communities
469
Creating Opportunities and Barriers in Distance Learning Courses
475
Critical Barriers to Technology in K12 Education
481
Critical Elements in Effective Teaching in the New Millennium
483
Culture Interaction and Online Learning
485
Curriculum Development in TechnologyEnhanced Environments
492
Delivering Management Education via TutoredVideo Instruction
505
Design Research in the Elementary School
510
Designing a Distributed Learning Experience
518
Designing Effective ComputerBased Learning Materials
525
Designing Instruction for Successful Online Learning
534
Developing an Online Learning Style Instrument
540
Developing Online Faculty Competencies
547
Developing Prescriptive Taxonomies for Distance Learning Instructional Design
554
Diffusion of Computers in Schools
568
Diffusion of WebBased Education in Singapore and Australia
573
Digital Divide
581
Dimensions of Student Satisfaction on Online Programs
585
Disability Chronic Illness and Distance Education
591
Distance Education Associations
599
Distance Education from Religions of the World
613
Distance Education in Small Island Nations
618
Distance Education in South America
628
Distance Education in Turkey
635
Distance Learning and Educational Technology in Malaysia
641
Distance Learning as Commercializing Higher Education
654
Distance Learning Rehabilitation of Autistic Reasoning
662
Distributed Learning Sequences for the Future Generation
669
Diverse Models of Distance Teaching Universities
674
Document Delivery
681
Download Delay and its Effects on Online Learning
683
Driving Systemic Change with ELearning
687
Economic Models for Distance Learning
696
Educational Software Evaluation
698
Educational Technology and Learning Theory
712
Educational Technology in the Middle East
717
Effective TechnologyMediated Education for Adult Chinese Learners
724
Effects of ComputerMediated Communication
732
ELearning and K12
737
ELearning and MLearning Problems
743
ELearning as Organizational Strategy
750
ELearning Design Quality
763
ELearning in India
772
ELearning in the Network Marketing Industry
779
ELearning Industry
786
ELearning Study Skills for Online Students
794
Electronic Performance Support ELearning and Knowledge Management
801
Electronic Portfolios
807
EModerating
814
Encouraging Participation in Voluntary Online Staff Development
821
Enhanced Instructional Presentaiton Model
828
Enhancing Learning and Teaching Wireless LAN Design
835
Ensuring Quality in TechnologyFocused Professional Development
845
Environments for Mobile Learning
853
Evaluating Distance Education and ELearning
857
Evaluating Distributed Cooperative Learning
865
Evaluating Online Programs
872
Evaluating Online Programs Using a BSC Approach
874
Evaluating Quality in the Online Classroom
882
Evaluating Student Learning in Distance Education
891
Evaluation Strategy for Online Courses
899
Exploring the Virtual Learning Environment
906
Facilitating Asynchronous Discussions
912
Facilitation of WebBased Courses Designed for Adult Learners
918
Factors Affecting the Adoption of Educaitonal Technology
922
Faculty Participation in Distance Education Programs
930
Faculty Support Systems
936
Film Narrative and Computerinterface Design
941
From RD Project to Virtual Universities
944
Future Learning Devices
952
The Future of Teaching and Learning Technologies
954
The Future of University and Organizational Learning
960
Going OnlineChallenges and Issues
969
Group Leadership in Online Collaborative Learning
975
Growth of Online Schooling in Canada
984
Help me Understand How to Resolve These Mysteries
990
Heuristically Evaluating WebBased ODL
992
High School Online Learning
998
History of Correspondence Instruction
1006
Hybrid and Traditional Course Formats
1012
Hypermedia Modules for Distance Education
1019
Implementing a Statewide Electronic Portfolio Infrastructure
1025
Implementing Learning Support Systems
1033
Important Design Considerations for Online Web Course
1042
Improving Evaluations in ComputerSupported Learning Projects
1048
Improving Learning and Reducing Costs for Online Learning
1054
Inadequate Infrastructure and the Infusion of Technology into K22 Educaiton
1061
Increased Benefits from Using Online Class Components
1064
Increasing Web Accessibility and Usability in HIgher Education
1069
Informal Communication in Virtual Learning Environments
1076
Informal Learning Projects and World Wide Voluntary CoMentoring
1082
Interaction in WebBased Learning
1130
Interactive ELab Systems
1140
Interactivity as the Key to Online Learning
1145
Introduction to Learning Management Systems
1148
IT to Facilitate Distance Education
1156
JustinTime Learning
1162
JustinTime Training
1167
K12 Online Learning Policy
1175
K12 Schools and Online Learning
1182
Knowledge Management as the Future of ELearning
1189
Leadership Competency in Virtual Teams
1195
Leadership in Technology Integration
1203
LearningbyDoing Strategy Using ITC
1205
Learning Communities in Virtual Environments
1217
Learning Management Systems
1223
Learning Orientation and Stress in an Online Experience
1231
Learning Styles and Multiple Intelligences
1237
Learning Technologies and Learning Theories
1248
Learning Theory and Computer Environments
1257
Library Services for Distance Education Students in Higher Education
1261
Lower Perceived Performance in Testing
1265
Market vs Academic Models
1272
MegaPlanning for Online Learning and Technology Change
1275
Mentoring at a Distance
1283
Millennium Teachers in a Global Context
1288
Mobile Educational Technology
1289
A Model for Evaluating Online Programs
1297
The Most Dramatic Changes in Education Since Socrates
1307
Multimedia as a CrossChannel for Cultures and Languages
1310
Multimedia Instruction
1317
Necessities for Effective Asynchronous Learning
1325
The Need for a WellManaged Technology Infrastructure
1332
The New Space of the University in the Digital Age
1334
Online Collaborative Learning and Learning Styles
1339
Online Critical Thinking in ProblemSolving Groups
1348
Online Education and Manufacturing Mode
1357
Online Instruction as a Caring Endeavor
1361
Online Learner Expectaitons
1365
Online Learning Experiences of University Students
1370
Online Learning in the School Reform Movement
1375
Online Learning Programs
1382
Online Mental Training Using WebExcellence
1390
Online Mentoring
1398
Online ProblemBased Learning Approach in Higher Education
1402
Online Support for Collaborative Authentic Activities
1412
Online Student Models
1417
The Open University of Israel
1421
The Open University United Kingdom
1430
Openness Dimensions of Distance Teaching Universities
1432
Operational Success in Distance Educaiton
1440
Opportunities and Opportunity Cost in Preparing Millennium Teachers
1446
Organizing Faculty for Distance Learning
1448
Overcoming the Digital Divide
1453
Participatory Design of Interactive ComputerBased Learning Systems
1460
Participatory Learning Approach
1467
Partnerships
1473
The Pedagogy of Social Development in Online Learning
1480
Perspectives on ELearning
1488
Postgraduate Degree by Distance Learning
1494
Preparing Faculty for Distance Learning Teaching
1503
Preservice Teachers Creating Electronic Portfolios
1508
Problems and Possibilities of Virtual Schools
1516
Programmed Instruction Overview
1522
Quality Assurance and Online Higher Education
1529
Quality Distance Learning Programs and Processes
1538
Quality Function Deployment in Training Design
1543
ReEnacted Affiliative Meanings and Branding in Open and Distance Education
1552
Republic of Ireland
1557
ResearchBased Distance Learning Services in the Northern Pacific
1558
Researching Distance Education and ELearning
1564
Respecting the Diverse Talents and Ways for Learning
1573
Riding the School Bus Called Technology
1581
Rubrics as an Assessment Tool in Distance Education
1583
A ScenarioBased Instructional Design Model
1589
SchoolWide Factors Facilitating Technology Integration and Implementation
1596
Security and Privacy in Distance Education
1599
Shareable Learning Objects
1607
The Sloan Consortium
1614
Social Comments and Online ProblemSolving Groups
1623
Social or Group Learning Theories
1630
Social Presence in Distance Learning
1634
Soft Technology Skills and the Teacher of the 21st Century
1641
SpeechText Alignment in WebBased Language Learning
1643
SSMBased IS Support for Online Learning
1650
Stakeholders in WebBased Education
1660
Stress of Nursing Students Studying Online
1666
The Stress of Online Learning
1674
Student Retention in Online Education
1680
Student Support Services
1687
StudentGenerated Multimedia
1693
Successful SelfFunding ELearning Programs
1703
Successful Strategies in Online Courses
1710
Support of Online Learning through Intelligent Programs
1716
Supporting Online Collaborative Learning in Mathematics
1725
Systems Model of Educational Processes
1732
Tablet PCs as Online Learning Tools
1740
Teacher Electronic Portfolios
1746
Teacher Preparation in the New Millennium
1754
Teachers for the New Millennium
1757
Teaching Culture and Communication with Online Media
1761
Teaching Medical Statistics over the Internet
1770
Teaching Online Courses
1777
Teaching Style in the Online Classroom
1787
Technology and Disabilities in the Century Ahead
1798
Technology Barriers and Opportunities
1803
Technology Diffusion
1806
Technology Integrated Activities in the Elementary Curriculum
1809
TechnologyBased Learning in Open Universities in India
1815
Ten Scalability Factors in Distance Education
1825
TextOnly Web Techniques
1833
There are So Many More Than Three Barriers
1838
Thinking Skills in the Digital Era
1840
Threaded Discussion
1846
Total Online vs Hybrid
1856
Total Quality Management in Higher Education
1863
Towards a Personalized ELearning System
1869
Traditional Education and Distance Learning
1880
Transformative Income Generation
1887
Transforming Universities in the Online World
1892
Trends and Issues of Virtual K12 Schools
1898
Tropical Medicine Open Learning Environment
1902
21st Century EStudent Services
1907
The Two Most Important Competencies for Millennium Teachers
1914
Understanding Different Categories of Attrition in Distance Education Programs
1917
Universal Design for Learning
1926
University History of the Fielding Graduate Institute
1929
Usability
1931
Using Assistive Technologies in Millennium Teaching
1938
Using Course Maps for Easy Classroom to Computer Transition
1940
Using Heutagogy to Address the Needs of Online Learners
1945
Using ICT to Enable Emancipatory Learning
1952
Vicarious Learning
1958
Videoconferencing for Supervision of Graduate Students
1965
Virtual Networking as an Essence of the Future Learners
1972
Virtual Organizations in PostGraduate Education in Egypt
1977
Virtual School Administration
1984
Web Accessibility Laws and Issues
1990
Web Conferencing in Distance Education
1997
WebBased Multimedia Childens Art Cultivation
2004
WebBased Remote Laboratory
2009
WebBased Synchronized Multimedia Lecturing
2019
Western Governors University and CompetencyBased Education
2029
What the Millennium Teacher Must Know and Be Able to Do
2036
Where Does Work End and Home Life Begin?
2038
Winning an ELearning Proposal or Grant
2044
Wireless Technologies in Education
2051
Workplace ComputerSupported NetworkBased Learning
2056
Workplace Learning on the Internet
2064
Young Peoples Net Cultures
2067
Zone of Proximal Development and Scaffolding Online
2075
Index of Key Terms
2082
Index
2098
Copyright

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About the author (2005)

Caroline Howard (PhD) is an author, editor, consultant, and educator. She is an independent academic. Prior to becoming online faculty, she was on the faculty of Emory University's Goizueta Business School and the University of Colorado at Colorado Springs. Caroline holds an MBA from The Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania and a PhD in management information systems from the University of California - Irvine where she received honors for her teaching and research. She has published a number of articles on technology and learning. Her books include the first and 2nd editions of the Encyclopedia of Distance Learning (2005 and 2009), Winning the Net Game: Becoming Profitable Now that the Web Rules have Changed (Entrepreneur Press, 2002), The Design and Management of Effective Distance Learning Programs (2002), and Distance Learning and University Effectiveness: Changing Educational Paradigms for Online Learning (2005).

Judith Boettcher Ph. D., is a consultant and author in the areas of designing for learning, faculty development, and the future trends of technology in teaching and learning. Dr. Boettcher is also a Lecturer at the University of Florida in Distance, Continuing, and Executive Education. Prof. Boettcher has consulted with a wide range of major universities and organizations; has been a Syllabus Scholar since 1996; and serves on a number of editorial and academic advisory boards. Dr. Boettcher has been involved with the leading edge implementation of technologies for online and distance instruction for over 25 years; and has authored and edited many articles and books on these topics.

Lorraine Justice Ph. D., is currently at the Hong Kong Polytechnic University. Dr. Justice has served in higher education for the past fifteen years, teaching in the areas of industrial design and human computer interface design. She has published and presented her work worldwide on topics such as interface design. She assists educational institutions worldwide with curriculum development. Dr. Justice was responsible for organizing the First China-USA Industrial Design Conference in Beijing, and the First Doctoral Education in Design Conference in Ohio. Dr. Justice was recently made a Fellow of the Industrial Design Society of America (IDSA). She has twice served on the Business Week/IDSA IDEA jury for best products and is a jurist for international paper competitions.

Karen D. Schenk Ph. D., is a professor of Information Systems at the University of Redlands, California, and North Carolina State University, teaching courses in Information Technology and Systems Design. Her research has focused on distance education, lifelong learning, decision support systems and human-computer interfaces. She is currently Senior Partner of K. D. Schenk and Associates Consulting, working with companies on decision support systems development and IT internal customer relationships. Prof. Schenk is the co-editor of two books “The Design & Management of Effective Distance Learning Programs”, 2002, Information Science Publishing, and the book “Distance Learning and University Effectiveness”, 2004, Information Science Publishing.

Patricia L. Rogers, PhD, is currently the Interim Dean of the College of Health Sciences and Human Ecology and the School of Graduate Studies at Bemidji State University. Recently, she was the Dean of the School of Education and Graduate Studies at Valley City State University. Dr. Rogers has doctoral preparation in both Art Education and Instructional Systems and Technology from the University of Minnesota. Recently, she was a Professor and graduate program coordinator at Bemidji State University in the department of Professional Education. She is a member of the Minnesota Commissioner of Education's Online Learning Advisory Council and is currently the past-CHAIR of the Minnesota Online Council. Dr. Rogers is a Getty Fellow (1996 Dissertation Fellowship from the Getty Center for Arts in Education) and a Fulbright Scholar (2000-2001) working on designing distance-learning programs in Iceland (Iceland University of Education: Kennarahaskola Islands). She consults internationally on e- learning, is the author of several articles on instructional technology, and regularly presents at technology and education conferences. She was the keynote speaker at UT 2001, a technology and education conference held in Reykjavik, Iceland, and presented follow-up research at The Learning Conference in London, England July 2003 and the Hawaii International Conference on Education in January 2004. Recent work includes the publication of an edited book: -Designing Instruction for Technology-Enhanced Learning (2002),- and is an editor of the Encyclopedia of Distance Learning Teaching, and Technology Applications published in 2005. A second edition is in process.

Gary A. Berg, PhD, is founding Dean of Extended Education at California State University Channel Islands and author of numerous articles on current issues in higher education, educational technology, and media studies, as well as five books including Why Distance Learning? and Lessons from the Edge: For-Profit and Nontraditional Higher Education in America. In addition to a doctoral degree in Higher Education from Claremont Graduate University, he has an MFA in Film and Television from UCLA. Previous to CSUCI, Berg headed continuing education divisions at Chapman University and the California School of Professional Psychology, as well as professional training programs at the Directors Guild of America. [Editor]

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