Encyclopedia of Networked and Virtual Organizations

Front Cover
Putnik, Goran D.
IGI Global, Mar 31, 2008 - Business & Economics - 2048 pages
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The virtual enterprise as a new organizational paradigm has three fundamental features: dynamics of network reconfiguration, virtuality, and external entities as environments for enabling or supporting the virtual enterprise integration as well as reconfiguration dynamics. The field of knowledge on this topic is highly fragmented due to the in existence of a transfer of knowledge between regions, developers, and researchers.

The Encyclopedia of Networked and Virtual Organizations documents 249 of the most relevant contributions authored by over 400 of the world's leading experts to the introduction of networked, dynamic, agile, and virtual organizational models; definitions; taxonomies; opportunities; and reference models and architectures. These volumes pool the existing works, approaches, solutions, and needs of the virtual enterprise research community to create a repository of the main developments regarding the virtual organization, compiling definitions, characteristics, comparisons, advantages, practices, enabling technologies, and best practices.

 

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Contents

Morphology and Entropy in Networks
957
MultiCriteria Partner Selection in Virtual Organizations
964
Mutual Value in Business Relationships
971
NatureInspired Cooperative Strategies for Optimization
982
Navigation at the Internet Front Line
990
Negotiation Support Systems and Teams in VO
1001
Network Effects
1007
Network Effects and Market Outcomes
1014

Better Interoperability in Smart Organizations
65
BM_VE Architecture Reference Model for Concurrent Engineering
74
Brokers Direct Cost and Time Variables and Expressions
82
Building Trust in Globally Distributed Teams
92
Bumerang
100
Business Ecosystem
106
Business Process Modification Management
112
BusinesstoBusiness Networks
121
Campus as a Framework for a Networked University
129
Capacity Building in SME Tourism Networks
136
A Case Study in the Role of Trust in Web Service Securities
142
A Case Study On InterOrganizational Systems and Power
153
Challenges of VO Inheritance
161
Characterization and Classification of Collaborative Tools
167
Characterization and Classification of CrossOrganizational Business Processes
175
Characterizing ELearning Networked Environments
181
Children with Special Needs as a Virtual Community
187
Classes of Collaborative Networks
193
Clustering Analysis of Networked Organizations
199
Collaboration Based on Web Services
209
Collaborative Alliance for the Implementation of Computer Integrated Manufacturing in Small and Medium Enterprises
216
Collaborative Development Environments
225
Collaborative Development within Open Source Communities
232
Collaborative Networks and Virtual Support Enterprises
237
Collaborative Performance Measurement
244
Collaborative Techniques in Customers Involvement
252
Collaborative Work Training in Higher Education
261
Collaborative Working in an ISP Environment
269
Collective Intelligence
280
Comparing ZigBee Bluetooth UWB and WiFi
288
Competency Concept in VO Breeding Environments
297
Computer Networking of Cybercafés in Delta State Nigeria
305
Concept of Collaboration
311
Concepts Issues and Challenges of Virtual Universities
316
Constructing Virtual Libraries
323
ContextAwareness in Pervasive Environments
331
Conversational Pragmatics and Learning in Virtual Organizations
337
Cooperative Interaction in Virtual Education
346
Costs Benefits and Risks of EGovernment Portals
354
Critical Success Factors and Core Competencies
364
CrossCultural Learning Objects XCLOs
369
Customizing Multimedia and Collaborative Virtual Environments
377
Cybercells for Virtual Teaching and Learning
385
Design and the Virtual Organization
391
Designing Contracts for Business Networks
395
Developing B2B Virtual Enterprises
402
Development of a University Networking Project
409
Dialectical Discourse Management through Online Collaboration
423
The Digital Divide in Education in the Knowledge Society
430
Discovery and Existence of Communities in the World Wide Web
436
Distributed Work Arrangements Supporting Organizational Needs
443
eCat for Partner Profiling and Competency Management Tool
452
Economic Development Alliances
459
ELearning Tool for Regional Development
467
EMarkets as MetaEnterprise Information Systems
475
Enterprise CostBenefit Risk Analysis Using FMEA
484
Environmental Sciences and Distance Education
492
Environments for VE Integration
499
EPortfolio and Pedagogical Change for Virtual Universities
508
EPortfolios in Teacher Education
516
A European Virtual Enterprise on Collaborative Data Mining and Decision Support
524
Evaluating Organisational Readiness for Virtual Collaboration
530
Evaluating Processes and Performance in Virtual Teams
538
Evaluating Virtual Organisational Preparedness
550
The Evolution of Virtual Universities
558
An Exploratory Analysis of the Role of Emotions in ELearning
563
Exploring Environmental Factors in Virtual Teams
572
Extended Enterprise Integration vs Market B2B Integration
578
Extent of Network Effects and Social Interaction Effects
587
ExtraPlanT as a MultiAgent System for ExtraEnterprise Collaboration
593
Fair Distribution of Collaboration Benefits
601
FineGrained Data Security in Virtual Organizations
608
Formal Modeling and Verification of Virtual Community Systems
614
A Fuzzy MultiAgent System for Combinatorial Optimization
622
Galois Lattice Quantum Model for NVOs
629
Geography of the Information Society
635
Grid Computing for Social Science
643
Guidelines for Deploying a Knowledge Management System
652
A Historical Perspective of Web Engineering
660
Human Factors for Networked and Virtual Organizations
668
HumanIntegrated Assist Systems for Intelligence Operators
678
Improving Customer Relations through ECommerce
688
Improving User Satisfaction in VO through Systems Usability
694
Industrial Web Portal for Remote Supervisory Control
700
Industry and Academia Networks
708
Information Disasters in Networked Organizations
717
The Innovative Production Machines and Systems Network of Excellence
725
Integration and Information Sharing in EGovernment
729
Interaction in Cooperative Learning
735
The ISSAAC Model of Virtual Organization
745
Key Concepts and Definitions of Open Source Communities
753
Key Concepts and Protocols in EVoting
761
Knowledge Blogs in Firm Internal Use
769
Knowledge Communities and Interorganizational Networks
777
Knowledge Transfer in G2G Endeavors
783
Knowledge Transfer and Sharing in Globally Distributed Teams
789
KnowledgeBased ELearning in Virtual Enterprises
795
Learning Object Evaluation
800
Learning Reflection and Creativity in Online Game Communities
807
The Living Labs Approach to a Virtual Lab Environment
818
Local Networks in Global Markets
822
Localization Culture and Global Communication
829
Logistic Models for Symbiosis PredatorPrey and Competition
838
LongTerm Contracts in the Cellular Phone Industry
848
Management of a Virtual Construction Management Services Company
856
Management of Distributed Project Teams in Networks
867
A Managerial Perspective of Mobile VoIP
874
Managing the Dynamic Reconfiguration of Enterprises
882
A Cost and Effort Model
891
Opportunities Domain
899
Supporting Technologies
906
Market of Resources for Health Care Teleservices Management
913
Market of Resources for Virtual Enterprise Integration
918
Measures of Network Structure
926
MetaAnalysis Research on Virtual Team Performance
933
Mobile Virtual Communities
944
Mobile Virtual Communities of Commuters
950
Networks of Excellence as Virtual Communities
1022
Network of Intelligent Agents
1031
Networked Memex Based on Personal Digital Library
1044
Networking and Corruption
1052
Networks and Industrial Clusters
1058
New Computer Network Paradigms and Virtual Organizations
1066
A New Perspective Network Innovation
1074
The New Process of Work
1080
A New Way of Conjoint Added Value Generation in Collaborative Business Processes
1087
The NGO Forum
1092
Older People the Internet and Virtual Communities
1101
Online Communication and Social Engagement
1107
Online Corporate Collaborative Teams
1111
Online Tutoring and Mentoring
1120
Ontologies for Collaborative Networked Organizations
1128
Ontology and Expertise Map Building in Virtual Organizations
1136
The Open University of Catalonia as a Virtual University
1145
Optimizing Paths with Random Parameter Distributions
1151
Outsourcing and Strategic Outsourcing
1164
Pair Modeling
1170
Participatory Geographic Information Systems
1179
PeertoPeer Methods for Operating System Security
1185
Perception of VO Reliability
1191
Performance Analysis and Models of Web Traffic
1196
Performance Analysis of Multimedia Traffic
1204
Performance Analysis of PeertoPeer Traffic
1210
Performance Measurement of Computer Networks
1216
Pervasive and Grid Computing Merging
1222
PMA Supplier Selection Using the Mahalanobis Taguchi System
1230
PostModern Tribes as a Marketing Tool
1238
Pricing Quality of Service in Diffserv IP Networks
1245
The Problem with People and Information Security
1252
Process Management Methodology
1259
Process of Innovation in Beira Interior1
1266
Project Management in Innovation Networks
1276
ProPlanT as a MultiAgent Technology for DecisionMaking Support
1287
Public Grid Computing Projects Survey and Analysis
1295
Public Private Networks
1300
Purchasing as an Integrated Competence
1309
QoS Provisioning Framework in IPBased VPN
1317
Quality Learning Objective in Instructional Design
1325
The Quality of Service Issue in Virtual Environments
1333
A Quantum RealTime Metric for NVOs
1341
Reconfiguration of Communities in Cyberspace
1349
Reflective Ba and Refractive Ma in CrossCultural Learning
1357
Relatonics as a Key Concept for Networked Organizations
1367
Reviewing the ActorNetwork Theory
1375
Revision of the Bullwhip Effect
1381
RSS in Virtual Organizations
1393
Scales and Dynamics in Outsourcing
1398
Secure Collaborative Learning Practices and Mobile Technology
1407
SelfModelling Knowledge Networks
1413
Semantic EBusiness Challenges and Directions
1421
ServiceOriented Architectures and ESB in VE Integration
1429
ServiceOriented Architecture for Business Management
1436
Sharing Knowledge in Virtual Communities
1446
Social Interaction Effects
1454
Social Knowledge in MultiAgent Systems
1458
Social Network Analysis for Investigating Large Scientific Research Project
1466
Social Network Analysis for Virtual Communities
1473
Social Networks through an Entrepreneurial Mindset
1477
SocioSemantic Web for Sharing Knowledge
1482
Software Agents and Contracts
1489
Software Quality in Open Source Software Ecosystems
1495
Spatial Autocorrelation and Association Measures
1502
Strategic Decision Making in Global Supply Networks
1508
Strategic QCD Studies with Affiliated and NonAffiliated Suppliers Utilizing New JIT
1516
Strategies for Virtual Organizations
1528
Strategies for Virtual Work
1535
A Structure Analysis of Keiretsu of Toyota
1542
Sense of Virtual Community
1559
Supply Chain Integration in Construction Industry
1566
A Survey of Link Analysis Ranking
1572
Surveying Trust in Virtual Organizations
1579
Synchronous and Asynchronous Communication Systems
1587
Synchronous Collaboration and Instruction
1597
Taxonomy of Brokers Functions in Virtual Enterprises
1605
Technology Change and Online Community Development
1614
Technology in Distance Learning
1622
Telework and Data Privacy and Security
1631
ThematicBased Group Communication
1635
Tools for Collaborative Business Process Modeling
1642
Tourism Networks and Clusters
1652
Training Techniques for Developing Trust in Virtual Teams
1659
Training to Improve Trust in Virtual Teams
1667
Trends and Future Directions of NetEnabled Connectivity
1675
Trust and its Impersonal Nature
1683
Trust in Networks and Clusters
1691
Trust in Virtual Communities
1697
Understanding and Using Boundries in NVOs
1705
Understanding the Virtual Community of Gamers
1714
Using Annotations for Information Sharing in a Networked Community
1722
Using Telework and EWork as Flexible Working Alternatives
1730
Using View Process Models in Collaborative Business Processes
1735
The Value Creation Process in Networked Organizations
1743
Via Nova Academy
1750
Virtual Community and Online Game Players
1757
A Virtual Community for Mobile Agents
1764
Virtual Community of Learning Object Repository
1772
Virtual Enterprise Environments for Scientific Experiments
1779
Virtual Informatics Museum
1784
Virtual KnowledgeBuilding Communities
1792
A Virtual Laboratory of Mathematics Education
1797
Virtual Logistics from Outsourcing Logistics
1805
Virtual Modeling and Prototyping in Collaborative Product Design
1812
Virtual Organizations in Commercial Games
1819
Virtual Organizations Management
1827
Virtual Repository Development in Canada
1834
Virtuality Among Construction Management Services Companies
1843
VO as an Alternative to Hierarchy in the Dutch Police Sector
1851
VO Breeding Environments Value System and Metrics
1858
WebBased Business Reporting in Virtual Enterprises
1864
WebBased English Writing Courses for Graduate Students
1871
XBRL in Business Reporting
1879
Index
1887
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About the author (2008)

Goran D. Putnik received his Dipl. Eng., M.Sci. and Dr.Sci. from the Belgrade University, both M.Sci. and Dr.Sci. in the domain of Intelligent Manufacturing Systems. He is currently Associate Professor, at Department of Production and Systems Engineering, University of Minho (Portugal) and teaches, or has taught, a number of subjects in the area of CIM, IMS, Concurrent Engineering, Design Theory, and Virtual Enterprises on undergraduate and post-graduate studies. He served as the Director of the Centre for Production Systems Engineering (CESP) and as the Director of the Master Course on CIM, at the University of Minho. Dr. Putnik’s scientific and engineering interests are manufacturing systems and enterprises design and control theory and implementation, design theory and design engineering, formal theory of production systems and enterprises, and distributed, agile and virtual enterprises. He regularly publishes articles and presents papers on conferences. In last years his special attention is on the topic of Virtual Enterprises for which he organized a research group and a number of research projects and has been also an invited speaker by international research groups.

Maria Manuela Cruz-Cunha is currently an Associate Professor in the School of Technology at the Polytechnic Institute of Cavado and Ave, Portugal. She holds a Dipl. Eng. in the field of Systems and Informatics Engineering, an M.Sci. in the field of Computer Integrated Manufacturing and a Dr.Sci in the field of Production Systems Engineering. She teaches subjects related with Information Systems, Information Technologies and Organizational Models to undergraduate and post-graduate studies. She supervises several PhD projects in the domain of Virtual Enterprises and Information Systems and Technologies. She regularly publishes in international peer-reviewed journals and participates on international scientific conferences. She serves as a member of Editorial Board and Associate Editor for several International Journals and for several Scientific Committees of International Conferences. She has authored and edited several books and her work appears in more than 100 papers published in journals, book chapters and conference proceedings. She is the co-founder and co-chair of several international conferences: CENTERIS – Conference on ENTERprise Information Systems, ViNOrg - International Conference on Virtual and Networked Organizations: Emergent Technologies and Tools and SeGAH – IEEE International Conference on Serious Games and Applications for Health. [Editor]

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