Enduring Records: The Environmental and Cultural Heritage of Wetlands
Barbara A. Purdy
Oxbow, 2001 - Science - 302 pages
In rare cases prehistoric peoples and/or their most fragile creations endure when they become accidentally or intentionally entombed in environments that have remained constantly wet, dry, or frozen. These conditions protect them from decay. The finds are particularly informative when skeletons retain flesh, internal organs, and clothes, and when they are accompanied by items of personal adornment or weaponry made of wood, cordage or bone in addition to the more common stone and pottery objects. Preserved stomach contents sometimes reveal the ingredients of an individual's last meal. Well-known examples of this kind of survival include the bog-bodies of northern Europe, the Iceman of the Alps, Egyptian and Peruvian mummies, Swiss lake settlements, and in North America, the Ozette Village on the Olympic Peninsula, and Key Marco on Florida's lower Gulf Coast. These organic materials provide an invaluable window on the past, yet the fact that wetlands contain thousands of years of environmental and cultural history has not risen to the consciousness of the public, the scientific community, or governments. These twenty-seven papers on wetland research across the world, from America to Europe to Australasia, aim to raise the profile of these fragile environments and the potential they have for shedding light on the past.
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Adovasio American analysis Anthropology archaeo archaeological record archaeological sites assemblage associated Aucilla River Basin basket basketry Bernick boat bog bodies bone Bronze Age Buchillones burial Burov carvings cedar bark Cenote century Chichen Itza coastal Coles conservation context Coquille cordage Croes deposits Dispilio Drenthe early edited environment environmental estuary evidence example excavation fiber Figure fish weirs Florida Groves Orange Midden harpoon Holocene human identified lake landscape late layer lithic located material mats Mesolithic midden models Mound Museum Neolithic Northwest Coast objects organic Ozette Village Paleoindian peat perishable phytolith Pineland plaiting platform Pleistocene prehistoric preservation Press Purdy radiocarbon dates recovered region remains River samples sediments settlement Soffer species specimens stone structure surface textiles trackway twining twisted University Upper Paleolithic votive depositions warps Water Hazard waterlogged weave weft wet sites wetland Wetland Archaeology wetland sites Windover wood