Energy Efficiency,: Lessons Learned from Success Stories
World Bank Publications, Jan 15, 2013 - Technology & Engineering - 80 pages
Energy efficiency is an important factor in an economy, since it helps meet energy needs, decrease costs, and lower environmental impacts. A review of the evolution of energy intensity in European and Former Soviet Union countries indicates a positive trend: high-energy-intensity countries have now reached the level of medium-energy-intensity economies 15 years earlier, and in the same period, medium-energy-intensity ones had similarly evolved to levels of low-energy-intensity. At the same time, the fast transitioning economies of Central Europe converged towards similar levels of energy intensities, in line with EU Directives, while successful EU-15 countries managed to maintain economic growth while keeping energy use flat. This report looks at how countries effect the transition from high- to medium- to low-energy-intensity, exploring whether leapfrogging is possible (it s not) and what policies can be particularly helpful. Some of the lessons include: energy prices tend to evolve from subsidized levels to full-cost-recovery to full-cost-recovery-plus environmental externalities; industrial energy efficiency is often the starting point, with privatization and competition driving companies to reduce production costs, including energy; successful countries excell at governance (setting targets, building institutional capacity, creating and improving the legal and regulatory framework, and monitoring and evaluating); households tended to be the last, and most difficult, area of reform, starting with pricing improvements, outreach campaigns, financing programs, and building certificates programs.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Other editions - View all
achieved Action Plan Belarus Bosnia and Herzegovina Building Certificates programs building energy building regulations building standards client countries Convergence coun country case studies Croatia Denmark district heating ECA countries effi electricity enable Energy Agency energy consumption energy efficiency improvements energy efficiency investments Energy Efficiency Ladder energy efficiency measures Energy Efficiency Policies energy efficiency programs energy efficiency targets energy intensity countries energy policy energy prices energy savings energy suppliers energy tax ensure environmental taxes Estonia EU-12 countries example financing framework funding Germany high energy intensities households impact implementation incentives industrial sector intensity of EU-12 International Energy Agency Ireland Kazakhstan kgoe/GDP Latvia lessons learned levels Lithuania low energy intensity ment Moldova monitoring and evaluation NEEAP percent Poland reducing their energy reforms Report Romania Slovenia successful countries Sweden Sweden's Energy Tajikistan Turkmenistan Ukraine upgraded Uzbekistan White Certificates programs World Bank Yes Yes