Energy Efficient Office Refurbishment
Earthscan, 2001 - Science - 185 pages
Little has been published on the subject of energy-efficient refurbishment of offices, despite the growing need to refurbish older office building stock throughout Europe, and the global requirement to conserve energy. The book suggests the most energy efficient and environmentally friendly way to refurbish offices using examples of real buildings and designs wherever possible. Each case study includes a building description, the retrofitting strategy, passive and low energy technologies used, energy assessment, comfort and environment assessment, financial assessment, client and market assessment, and conclusion. This practical design manual will be invaluable for architects and engineers specialising in the refurbishment of commercial buildings.
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OFFICE BUILDINGS IN EUROPE
Climate area 1 Northern Europe
SENTRALBYGG 1 NTNU TRONDHEIM
KROKSLATT 149 GOTHENBURG
Climatic Area 2 Continental Europe
CITY WEST BUILDING BERN
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air flow rate Apr May Jun artificial lighting atria atrium Aug Sep Oct ballasts boiler building envelope ceiling fans cooling load Cost per unit Danfoss District heating ECU Cost ECU Payback period ECU/kWh Financial gain effect of Scenario efficient electricity consumption energy consumption kWh equipment Estimated energy savings evaporative cooling facade Feb Mar Apr glazing heat recovery hot water Hours of operation indoor air quality insulation Jan Feb Mar Jul Aug Sep Jun Baseline Jun Jul Aug kWh/nr lighting system luminaires measures mechanical ventilation mineral wool Monthly total energy natural ventilation night ventilation Nov Dec Baseline occupants Oct Nov Dec office buildings passive cooling techniques passive solar reduce refurbishment replacement Required capital cost Sep Oct Nov shading devices Simple payback solar gain solar shading space heating summer thermal comfort thermal mass total energy consumption TOTAL VALUES Estimated unit of energy VALUES Estimated energy ventilation rate ventilation system