Engineering of Sport 6: Volume 2: Developments for Disciplines

Front Cover
Eckehard Moritz, Steve Haake
Springer Science & Business Media, May 10, 2010 - Technology & Engineering - 330 pages
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What you are holding in your hands is probably the best overview of activities in sports engineering available at the time of printing; i. e. the state of the art in summer 2006. It is the result of so many people's work to whom we are indebted that it is difficult to name them: there are the authors, the scientific advisory board, the scientific committee, the theme patrons, the publisher and printer, the advisors of whatever kind - and, here we have to make an exception, there is Ingo and Amanda. Nobody who has been part of the production of this book could have done without them, at the very least us: they handled issues you wouldn't even believe could tum up with efficiency and charm. Thanks, IngoValtingoier; thanks, Amanda Staley. In the accumulation of the contributions and the preparation of the proceedings we encountered one development that we were very happy about: the sports engineering community keeps growing - in the number or researchers and experts involved. but also in the breadth of disciplines and institutions contributing. This should definitely be interpreted as a positive development - even though in the evaluation of contributions this lead to a number of intricate discussions.
 

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Contents

Biomechanics
3
Influence of Footwear on InShoe Loading for Different Soil Densities
5
Validation of a FullBody Computer Simulation of the Golf Drive for Clubs of Differing Length
11
Measurement of Hand Palm Pressures in La Pelota Vasca Game
17
La Pilota Valenciana
23
Biomechanical Analysis of Running on Third Generation Artificial Soccer Turf
29
Evaluation of Energy Expenditure Rate During Continuous Upper Body Cyclic Exercise
35
2 Measurement Techniques
41
Methods of Simulation and Manipulation for the Evaluation of Figure Skating Jumps
179
Exploiting Advances in Distributed Tactical Operations Research
185
5 Modelling and Measurement Equipment in Skiing
191
Modelling and Measurement Equipment in Skiing
192
Modeling of the SkiSnow Contact for a Carved Turn
195
Improvements of Simulating Approach for Ski Turn
201
Influence of Ski Bending Stiffness on the Turning Radius of Alpine Skis at Different Edging Angles and Velocities
207
Study on Modification of Ski Referring Characteristic of Ski Turn Change of Width and Shoe Center
213

Measurement Techniques
43
Use of the Infrared Based Motion Capture System AS 200 in Sport Science
45
Employing Modern Elements of Vehicle Navigation for Integrated Motion Measurement in Sport
51
TimeResolved Measurements of Grip Force During a Golf Shot
57
Pacing Lights a New Approach to Controlling Speed in the Gait Laboratory
63
Measuring Equine Ground Reaction Forces
68
Examination of a Swimming Dummys Flow Field Using Laser Doppler Velocimetry
75
Head Accelerations During Soccer Heading
81
A New Six Component Dynamometer for Measuring Ground Reaction Forces in Alpine Skiing
87
Measurement of DrawLength Alterations in the Final Pull in Archery
93
Power Measurement During Rowing
99
3 Modelling Equipment
105
Modelling Equipment
107
Large Deflections during Bounce of Inflated Balls
109
Finite Element Simulation of Ice Axe Pick Impact on a SemiRigid Surface
115
Optimization of the Handbikes Drive Concept Mathematical Approach
121
Using CFD to Understand the Effects of Seam Geometry on Soccer Ball Aerodynamics
126
Optimization of a Recurve Bow Riser Using Evolutionary Computing
133
A Preliminary Investigation into Racing Motorcycle Aerodynamics
139
A Comparison of Aerodynamic Drag of a Rugby Ball Using EFD and CFD
145
4 Modelling Systems
151
Modelling Systems
153
Relating Grip Characteristics to the Dynamic Response of Tennis Racquets
155
Modelling the runout Throw in Cricket
161
Simulation Analysis of Maneuver in Skydiving
167
The Measurement of Applied Pressure at Depth with Two Natural Soil Surfaces at Different Densities
173
A Unified Custombuilt Measuring System for a Ski Athlete
219
Analysis of Binding Loads in Snowboarding from Field Data Acquisition
225
6 Climbing Pulley Mechanics and Taping
231
Synopsis of Climbing Pulley Mechanics and Taping
233
Biomechanical Properties of the A2 Pulley in Rock Climbers
235
Biomechanics of Finger Pulleys during Climbing
241
Biomechanical Model for the Determination of the Forces acting on the Pulley System
247
Impact of Taping after Finger Flexor Tendon Pulley Ruptures in Rock Climbers
253
Mechanical Influence of Finger Taping in Sport Climbing
259
7 Climbing Technical Aspects of Training and Performance
265
Synopsis of Climbing Technical Aspects of Training and Performance
266
Chronic Exertional Compartment Syndrome of Forearm Flexor Muscles in Rock Climbers Evaluation of Physiological Standard Pressures
269
Relation Between Specific Force Tests and Chained Degree in High Level Sport Climbers
275
Dynamic EccentricConcentric Strength Training of the Finger Flexors to Improve Rock Climbing Performance
281
Strength Measurement and Clinical Outcome after Conservatively Treated Pulley Ruptures in Climbers
287
Evolvement and Experimentation of a New Interval Method For Strength Endurance Development
291
8 Testing Prototyping Benchmarking
297
Testing Prototyping and Benchmarking
299
Test Methods in the Development of Sports Equipment
301
The Design and Implementation of a Crash Pad Evaluation System for Speed Skating
307
Optimization of the Handbikes Drive Concept Experimental Approach
313
Sports Surfaces Impact Assessment Tools
319
Author index
325
Subject Index
327
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