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Substitutions of short units for long units
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absolute loss allographs allomorphs allophones alternations basic unit child complex nuclei conditioned variants consonant consonantal morphophones dialects lacking digraph double duty dupligraph English Council environment example excrescent phonemes final free variation grapheme heard heterographic spellings homographic writing initial language linguistic long units long vocalic medial Middle English Mn.E modern English morpheme morpho morphophone units morphophonic structuring non-contrasting noun Old English oral counterpart pair patterned pheme phoneme classes phonics pitch portmanteau primary contrasts principal variant pronunciations reassigned regular expression replacement representation represented rhyme seen sentences short units short vocalic single morphophone sounds speakers stress morphophone suffix suffix morpheme symbolized teachers teaching of literacy termed tetragraph tion trigraph unigraph vocalic units vocoids vowel letter vowel shift weak stress word-phrases writer's idiolect writing system York State English zero morphemes