English syntax: an introduction
CSLI Publications, Sep 15, 2008 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 296 pages
Focusing on the descriptive facts of English, this volume provides a systematic introduction to English syntax for students with no prior knowledge of English grammar or syntactic analysis. English Syntax aims to help students appreciate the various sentence patterns available in the language, understand insights into core data of its syntax, develop analytic abilities to further explore the patterns of English, and learn precise ways of formalizing syntactic analysis for a variety of English data and major constructions such as agreement, raising and control, the auxiliary system, passive, wh- questions, relative clauses, extrapolation, and clefts.
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From Words to Major Phrase Types
Syntactic Forms Grammatical Functions and Semantic Roles
Head Complements and Modifiers
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adjectives adverb agreement allow analysis ARG-ST argument auxiliary verb believe Bill Chapter cleft clause combine COMPS value Consider the following constituent constraint constructions control verb copula count nouns determiner direct object eager element English syntax extraposition feature structure filler finite following contrast following examples following lexical following structure GAP value grammar rules grammatical functions identical index value indirect question infinitival VP kicked lexical categories lexical entries lexical information Lexical Rule main verb Mary means modal modifier negation nonfinite observe persuade phrasal plural POS noun POS verb predicate preposition properties raising verb realized relative clause relative pronoun represented requires restrictions Sandy relies semantic role sentences Seoul singular specifier SPR and COMPS subject-auxiliary inversion syntactic syntactic category tense tree structures types ungrammatical verb form verbs select VFORM fin VFORM inf VFORM value VP complement VP VFORM w/i-cleft w/i-questions well-formed whereas words