Enter in Peace: The Doorways of Cairo Homes, 1872-1950
This photographic book sheds new light upon the architectural and decorative elements of historic doorways from the nineteenth- and early twentieth-century Cairo. Previous studies on the subject have been few and far between, and have paid more attention to the Cairo of Khedive Ismail-the new quarter of the city. Enter in Peace focuses instead on those doorways of houses built in Cairo's older neighborhoods, and inhabited by Egypt's middle classes. Included here are over 150 photographs, illustrating eighty-one of these doorways as well as the facades of the buildings in which they appear. The book records their dimensions and their various architectural and stylistic elements, from the structure of doors, lintels, and paneling, to common designs and motifs. Built during a period of great change and modernization in Egypt, these doorways reflect the Ottoman, European, neo-Pharaonic, and Islamic Revival architectural styles prevalent at the time. In addition to popular arabesque and Islamic patterns, many include a snake-shaped motif, a design element dating back to the pharaonic period.Ahmed Abdel-Gawad has made a careful study of these historic doorways, with descriptive comments on the houses' original owners and dates of construction, drawing on tax records and historical documentation to present them in context. He traces the shift in building styles that followed the decline of craft guilds in the late nineteenth century, while charting the rise of new architectural influences and techniques in the following decades. Handsomely illustrated and thoroughly researched, Enter in Peace provides an important visual record of Cairo's rapidly disappearing architectural heritage.
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Measurements of the Doorways 129
140 cm Leaf 25 cm Pilaster 55 cm Lower 75 cm Upper Ahmad ibn Tulun al-Bayumi arabesque arch spring architectural style archivolt Atfat Bab al-Wazir buildings Bulaq Bur Sa'id cm Cornice cm Jamb 25 cm Lower panel cm Lower section cm Pilaster 50 cm Upper panel cm Upper section crescent Darb decorative units districts door leaf section door Upper section door's double row double-leaf doors double-leaf doorway Effendi entablature Enter in Peace entrelac facade fanlight Fatimid Harat Height/Width Leaf heirs inscribed Islamic architecture Isma'il Pasha Jamb 25 cm Leaf of door mashrabiya middle-class mihrab mima motifs motifs plate Muhammad Muhammad Ali nineteenth century old Cairo ornamentation Pasha Pilaster 50 cm plant motifs plate-band area Public Tax Record rows of muqarnasat section Lower section shape Snake head spandrel star-plate stone straight lintel third quarter two-part fanlight upper door leaf voussoirs wrought iron x 50 cm