Environment

Front Cover
John Wiley & Sons, Dec 17, 2012 - Science - 516 pages
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Raven, Hassenzahl, and Berg's Environment threads the central themes of Systems and Sustainability throughout the text to help students understand the connection between the core concepts of Environmental Science and their daily lives. The 8th edition features a rich collection of current case studies and in-text examples, highlighting these local and regional issues, and providing students with the science and tools to understand, apply, and think critically about environmental science. In addition to the text, the integrated learning design of WileyPLUS incorporates a wealth of animations, videos, podcasts, and interactive exercises, and gives instructors a powerful tool to assess individual students and the class as a whole.

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Contents

19
xliii
III
l
14
li
and Sustainability
1
Sustainability
8
Addressing Environmental Problems
15
Environmental Laws Economics
21
A Brief Environmental History of the United States 22
22
Water Management 278
278
YOU CAN MAKE A DIFFERENCE Conserving Water at Home 283
283
Soil Resources
287
The Soil System 288
288
Environmental Problems Related to Soil 295
295
Mineral Resources
306
Environmental Impacts Associated with Minerals 311
311
Increasing the Supply of Minerals 317
317

Economics and the Environment 29
29
Environmental Justice 35
35
Ecosystems and Energy
42
The Flow of Energy Through Ecosystems
49
CASE IN POINT Life Without the Sun 48
48
Ecosystems and the Physical Environment
58
Solar Radiation 67
67
Weather and Climate 75
75
Ecosystems and Living Organisms
85
How Populations Change Over Time 86
86
Biological Communities 96
96
Species Richness in a Community 104
105
CASE IN POINT Species Richness in Lake Victoria 106
113
Aquatic Ecosystems 124
124
Toxicology
139
The Human Population
160
The Science of Demography 161
161
Population and Quality of Life 167
167
Achieving Population Stabilization 174
173
The Urban Environment
179
The City as an Ecosystem
183
Population and Urbanization 180
180
Urban Land Use Planning 187
187
EnergyConsumption
195
Energy Efficiency and Conservation 198
198
Electricity Hydrogen and Energy Storage 205
205
Fossil Fuels
213
Fossil Fuels 214
214
Oil and Natural Gas 221
221
Synfuels and Other Potential FossilFuel Resources 230
230
Renewable Energy and Nuclear Power
235
13
263
A Limited Resource 263
263
CASE IN POINT The Floods of2008 268
268
Water Problems in the United States and Canada 270
270
Biological Resources
325
Conservation Biology
337
Conservation Policies and Laws
343
YOU CAN MAKE A DIFFERENCE Addressing Declining Biological
329
CASE IN POINT Disappearing Frogs 336
336
Land Resources
348
Wetlands and Coastal Areas
363
Wilderness Parks and Wildlife Refuges 351
351
Conservation of Land Resources 366
366
Food Resources
370
Food Production
373
The Environmental Impacts of Agriculture
381
YOU CAN MAKE A DIFFERENCE Vegetarian Diets 374
374
MEETING THE CHALLENGE Certified Environmental Management
384
CASE IN POINT The Green Revolution 377 MEETING THE CHALLENGE Certified Environmental Management
385
Air Pollution
392
Effects of Air Pollution
399
Water Pollution
437
Water Quality Today
447
Improving Water Quality 453 Purification of Drinking Water 453 Municipal Sewage Treatment
454
CASE IN POINT Green Chemistry 448
448
MEETING THE CHALLENGE Using Citizen Watchdogs to Monitor
457
YOU CAN MAKE A DIFFERENCE Preventing Water Pollution 450 MEETING THE CHALLENGE Using Citizen Watchdogs to Monitor
458
Pest Management
462
What Is a Pesticide?
463
Benefits and Problems with Pesticides 464
465
Laws Controlling Pesticide Use 476
476
Solid and Hazardous Wastes
481
APPENDICES
A-1
Models and Modeling
A-11
Some Useful Conversions A10
A-17
Some UsefulConversions A10
10
Abbreviations Formulas and Acronyms Used in This Text A11
11
INDEX
G-2
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