Environment and Behavior
Donald Merle Baer, Elsie M. Pinkston
Westview Press, 1997 - Social Science - 313 pages
Analysis of the way the environment influences our behavior is essential to our understanding of human development. This volume collects original, never published work that describes how we conceptualize, think, and behave. Environment and Behavior presents empirical studies that test theoretical assumptions and illustrate how to integrate environmental awareness into professional practice and design.The ability to categorizeto think in larger and more inclusive classifications and at the same time in smaller and more exclusive subdivisionsis a hallmark of conceptual development. It is the kind of development that makes us distinctly rational, symbolic, and logical. This book presents a new way of viewing the conceptual development of normal and special-categories children and the conceptual reorganization of adults. Individual conceptual ability is demonstrated across an impressive range of issues: private events; language development and function; child abuse, sexual abuse, drug abuse; autism; aging; professional practice; and environmental and cultural design. Additional commentary for each section is provided by the editors.Those working or studying in the areas of psychology, education, human development, social work, and disability will find this book to be current and a thorough introduction to this subject. Professionals and researchers also will find much of interest in this collection.
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THE BASIC PRINCIPLES
Some Meanings of Antecedent and Environmental Control
The Context of Stimulus Control in Behavior Analysis
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abuse activities adults Analysis of Behavior antecedent control Applied Behavior Analysis autism autistic children Baer behavior stream Bickel caffeine caregivers chemotherapy child classical conditioning clients Clinical clozapine cocaine cognitive concept conditional discrimination contextual contingencies correct response criterion desipramine Developmental Disabilities discriminative stimulus Donald Baer doses effects ellipse environment environmental equivalence relations errorless errors Etzel evoke example Experimental Analysis fixations function havior Hoogeveen human initial instruction interaction interoceptive intervention Journal of Applied Koegel learning LeBlanc Lutzker matching matching-to-sample mental retardation nonmeaningful observe overselectivity Paniagua participants percent performance Phase play activity posttest present Press pretest principles problem procedures prompts Psychology Psychopharmacology reinforcement relations relevant sample Schilmoeller Schreibman sequences sessions showed Sidman skills social stim stimulus control stimulus equivalence stimulus fading stimulus manipulation stimulus shaping Stoddard strategies target task taught teacher teaching techniques therapy tion treatment trials variables verbal verbal-nonverbal