Environmental Investments: The Cost of a Clean Environment : Report of the Administrator, Environmental Protection Agency
Island Press, 1991 - Business & Economics - 550 pages
Environmental Investments is a report of the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency. An invaluable reference for businesses designing compliance plans, it tells industry what to expect in the way of direct, out-of-pocket expenses for implementing pollution control measures and undertaking compliance activities for environmental laws. It also projects costs of new and future environmental protection programs, and provides a detailed accounting of the $115 billion per year that the public and private sectors spend on pollution prevention and control.
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Page xiv - This report concludes that total annualized costs for all pollution control activities in the United States at seven percent interest have increased and are projected to increase as follows (figures for year 2000 are provided for both present and full implementation scenarios): The present implementation option assumes that present levels of implementation of existing programs remain the same as in 1987. The full implementation option assumes that the investments needed to bring about nationwide...
Page 3 - ... implementation and compliance costs: (1) capital costs, and (2) operating costs. From these, two aggregate cost measures are derived annualized costs and total expenditures. Annualized costs are the aggregate cost measure used herein. Annualized costs, the principal aggregate cost presented here, are the sum of the operating costs for the year in question plus amortized capital costs, which include interest and depreciation associated with accumulated capital investment. Amortized (or annualized)...