Environmental Protection of International Watercourses Under International Law

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Ashgate Publishing, Ltd., Jan 1, 2007 - Law - 422 pages
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Chapters include: 'Problems, Principles and Terminology', 'The Principle of Equitable Utilisation', 'The Rule on Prevention of Significant Harm', 'Equity and the Utilisation of Shared Natural Resources' and 'Factors Relating to the Equitable Utilisation of International Watercourses'.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Problems Principles and Terminology
9
22 Legal Uncertainty
12
23 Conclusion
52
The Principle of Equitable Utilization
53
31 Development and Acceptance of the Principle of Equitable Utilization
54
32 Conceptual Basis of the Principle of Equitable Utilization
76
33 Equitable Utilization and Environmental Protection
78
Environmental Protection of International Watercourses I Substantive Rules of Customary and General International Law
191
71 Obligation to Prevent Transboundary Pollution
198
72 Obligation to Cooperate
221
73 Transboundary Environmental Impact Assessment
229
74 Sustainable Development
239
75 Intergenerational Equity
251
76 Common But Differentiated ResponsibilityIntraGenerational Equity
260
77 Precautionary Principle
265

34 Conclusion
85
The Rule on Prevention of Significant Harm
87
41 Significant Harm
92
42 Relationship with Equitable Utilization
104
43 Environmental Protection
116
44 Conclusion
119
Equity and the Utilization of Shared Natural Resources
121
52 Equity and Shared International Water Resources
132
53 Conclusion
151
Factors Relating to the Equitable Utilization of International Watercourses
155
61 Social and Economic Needs
156
62 Population Dependent on the Watercourse
160
63 Existing and Potential Uses
164
64 Conservation Protection Development and Economy of Use
173
65 Availability of Alternatives
177
66 Geographic Hydrographic and Hydrological Factors
179
67 Effects on Other Watercourse States
183
68 Other Factors
186
69 Conclusion
189
78 Polluter Pays Principle
284
79 Ecosystems Approach
286
710 Conclusion
313
Environmental Protection of International Watercourses II Procedural Rules of Customary and General International Law
317
81 Duty to Notify
324
82 Exchange of Information
333
83 Duty to ConsultNegotiate in Good Faith
337
84 Duty to Warn
345
85 Settlement of Disputes
348
86 Conclusion
357
Conclusion Environmental Protection as a Factor in Determining the Equitable Utilization of International Watercourses
359
91 Sustainable Development
363
92 Transboundary Environmental Impact Assessment
367
93 International Commissions
372
94 Custom
377
95 Normative Sophistication
379
Bibliography
381
Index
413
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About the author (2007)

Owen McIntyre lectures in Environmental Law, EU Law, International Law, and Comparative Law at University College, Cork, Ireland. He has published extensively in all areas of environmental law, in particular in relation to emerging principles of environmental law and environmental liability. He serves on the editorial boards of a number of Irish and International journals.

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