Environmental Regulations and Housing Costs

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Island Press, Jun 22, 2012 - Architecture - 288 pages
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Many communities across the nation still lack affordable housing. And many officials continue to claim that “affordable housing” is an oxymoron. Building inexpensively is impossible, they say, because there are too many regulations. Required environmental impact statements and habitat protection laws, they contend, drive up the costs of construction. But is this actually true? In a comprehensive study of the question, the authors of this eye-opening book separate fact from myth.   With admirable clarity, they describe the policy debate from its beginning, review the economic theory, trace the evolution of development regulation, and summarize the major research on the topic. In addition, they offer their own research, accompanied by a case study of two strikingly different Washington, D.C., suburbs. They also include results of focus groups conducted in Dallas, Denver, and Tucson. The authors find that environmental regulatory costs—as a share of total costs and processes—are about the same now as they were thirty years ago, even though there are far more regulations today. They find, too, that environmental regulations may actually create benefits that could improve the value of housing.   Although they conclude that regulations do not appear to drive up housing costs more now than in the past, they do offer recommendations of ways in which the processes associated with regulations—including review procedures—could be improved and could result in cost savings. Intended primarily for  professionals who are involved in, or impacted by, regulations—from public officials, planners, and engineers to housing developers and community activists—this book will provide useful insights and data to anyone who wants to know if (and how) American housing can actually be made “affordable.”
 

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Contents

The Link Between Environmental Regulation and Housing Costs
1
Existing Research A Review of the Literature
18
Excessive Costs and a Comparison of Historical Changes in Environmental Regulations and Approval Processes
35
Case Study Washington DC Metropolitan Region
45
Key Lessons from the Case Study
107
A View from the West Findings from Denver Tucson and Dallas
125
The Benefits of Environmental Regulations and a Summary of Key Findings
165
Assessment Lessons and Future Directions
171
Literature Review References
185
Chesapeake Bay Program
191
Outline of Environmental Regulations and Reivew Processes in Fairfax County Virginia and Montgomery County Maryland
203
Special References for Cost Reduction and Best Development Practices
208
Notes
211
Index
253
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About the author (2012)

Arthur C. Nelson is Presidential Professor of City and Metropolitan Planning at the University of Utah.   John Randolph is a professor at Virginia Tech, where he directs the program in urban affairs and planning.   Joseph M. Schilling is a research professor at Virginia Tech.   Jonathan Logan is the design coordinator of the Rochester (New York) Regional Community Design Center.   James M. McElfish Jr. is director of the Sustainable Use of Land Program at the Environmental Law Institute.   Newport Partners, LLC is a consulting company based in Davidsonville, Maryland.

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