Environmental effects of off-road vehicles: impacts and management in arid regions

Front Cover
Springer-Verlag, 1983 - Science - 534 pages
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Contents

Introduction
1
What Must Be Done?
9
Soil and Soil Formation in Arid Regions
15
The Impact of Vehicles on Desert Soil Stabilizers
31
Microfloral Elements
38
Conclusions
45
Compaction of Desert Soils by OffRoad Vehicles
51
The Compaction Process
58
Regeneration of Desert Pavement and Varnish
225
Desert Varnish
233
Conclusion
241
Recovery of Perennial Vegetation in Military Maneuver Areas
265
Natural Recovery of Soils and Vegetation Following Human
279
Conclusions and Management Recommendations
297
Recovery Rates and Rehabilitation of Powerline Corridors
303
History of Revegetation Studies in the California Deserts
315

Effect of Moisture Content and Soil Texture on Compaction
66
Raindrop Impact Effects
74
Accelerated Water Erosion in ORVUse Areas
81
Erosion Prediction
90
Experimental Results
98
Length of Time the Desert Surface is Vulnerable to Wind
105
An Overview
113
Physiological Plant Ecology
121
Vegetation Dynamics in Arid Lands
136
Overall Effects and Management of OffRoad Vehicles
144
The Effect of Vehicle Use on Desert Vegetation
153
Conclusions
164
The Nature of Sounds
168
The Effects of Dune Buggy Sounds on Hearing in
178
The Effect of Motorcycle Sounds on the Emergence
186
The Effects of Dune Buggy Sounds on Behavioral
192
Summary and Management Recommendations
202
Dune Plants and Animals
208
Management of Sand Dunes and the Theory of Island
218
Solar Thermal Power Systems
321
Seed Availability
334
The Major
343
Summary
351
The Impacts of OffRoad Vehicles in the Coorong Dune
355
The Impact of ORVs on Plant and Animal Life
366
References
372
Experimental Procedures and Results
378
Discussion and Conclusions
391
Management Concepts
399
Effects on the Nations Resources
410
Four Questions
425
The Bottom Line
439
Management Practices
447
Regulations and Education
495
Raising Revenues
505
Closing Comment
512
Copyright

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