Environmental Health Impact Assessment of Development Projects: A Practical Guide for the WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region
This practical guide was developed by the WHO Regional Center for Environmental Health Activities (CEHA) in collaboration with the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine (LSTM) and the WHO Water Sanitation and Health Program.
The guide is intended to assist government authorities in: the promotion and protection of human health and the environment early on in the drafting of development policies, the planning of programs and projects to provide directives on the design of terms of reference for consultants in charge of performing Environmental Health Impact Assessment studies, to propose a procedure for the review of assessment reports by national authorities as an instrument of quality control, and to ensure informed decision-making on proposed economic development projects. It is also intended as a framework guide for consultants implementing Environmental Health Impact Assessment studies.
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creating enabling policy and
Appraisal of EHIA studies 83
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adequate agencies air pollution appraisal carcinogenic consultants contaminated coordination countries criteria decision-making development planning development projects disability-adjusted drinking-water Eastern Mediterranean Region economic effects EHIA report ensure environment environmental and health environmental determinants environmental health impact environmental impact environmental impact assessment established evaluation example exposure framework guidelines health component health impact assessment health issues health management plan health risks health sector health services heavy metals human health identified ill-health implementation important increase industries infections infrastructure institutional intersectoral action intersectoral collaboration Islamic Development Bank Leishmania major malaria Ministry of Health mitigation measures monitoring mosquito noncommunicable diseases parasites pathogens pesticides phosphate population potable water problems procedures programmes promotion proposed public health relevant reservoirs responsible result risk factors schistosomiasis screening social determinants soil pollution solid waste sources specific terms of reference toxic chemicals vulnerable communities wastewater water pollution workers World Health Organization