Environmental Impact Assessment: A Methodological Approach
Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is one of the most important tools employed in contemporary environmental management. Presenting the component activities of EIA within a coherent methodological framework, Environmental Impact Assessment: A Methodological Approach provides students and practitioners alike with a rigorous grounding in EIA theory, including biophysical, social, strategic and cumulative assessment activities, and examines the crucial role, and limitations, of the science of EIA.
Deliberately designed to be relevant world-wide, the author focuses on the common skills and generic aspects of EIA that underpin all impact assessment work, independent of country or jurisdiction, such as screening and scoping, impact identification, public involvement, prediction and monitoring, evaluation, and quality control. The variety of approaches are identified along with their associated strengths and weaknesses, enabling potential, new and experienced practitioners to make informed choices and to improve their working practices through a better understanding of EIA activity.
The ultimate aim of this book is to move from the notion of EIA as a technical procedure towards a concept of EIA as a particular form of problem-solving with varied methodological requirements.
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The aims and context of environmental impact assessment
The principles of EIA
Methodology science and EIA
A methodological framework for EIA
principles and approaches
Public involvement in EIA
Prediction and monitoring
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AEAM alternative analysis appropriate Asian Development Bank assessors basis Beanlands and Duinker biophysical Canter carried changes Chapter checklists complex concerns considered countries criteria cumulative effects cumulative impacts decision decision-making discussed economic EIA methodology EIA process EIA study EIA systems emphasis environment environmental assessment environmental impact environmental impact assessment environmental systems evaluation methods example expert expert system framework guidelines identify impact assessment impact identification impact information impact prediction implemented important interaction interest groups issues judgement major matrix ment methods and techniques mitigation measures monitoring programme multi-attribute utility theory nature options organizations panel particular phase planning possible impacts potential predicted impacts problems procedures proposed activity public involvement public participation require resource Resource Management Act scale scientific scientists screening significance social impact assessment specialists specific strategic environmental assessment strategies technical tion types uncertainty values weights wider Zealand