Environmental principles and policies: an interdisciplinary introduction
Environmental Principles and Policies uses environmental and social principles to analyse the latest wave of economic-based and market-orientated environmental policies currently being adopted around the world. This book provides an in-depth examination of six key principles that have been incorporated into international treaties and the national laws of many countries:* ecological sustainability* the polluter pays principle* the precautionary principle* equity* human rights* public participationThese principles are then used to evaluate a range of policies including pollution charges, emissions, trading, water markets, biodiversity banks and tradable fishing rights.Environmental Principles and Policies is easily accessible, using non-technical language throughout, and - in what sets it apart from other books on environmental policy-making - it takes a critical and interdisciplinary approach. It does not set out policies in a descriptive or prescriptive way, but analyses and evaluates policy options from a variety of perspectives. This enables readers to gain a thorough grasp of important principles and current policies, as well as demonstrating how principles can be used to critically assess environmental policies.
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Sustainability in the 1980s
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activities allocated allowances argue Australia Bachram benefits biodiversity cap and trade carbon offsets carbon sinks catch cent charges chemicals companies costs countries credits decisions degradation discharge ecological footprint economic growth economic instruments economists ecosystems emis emissions reductions emissions trading ensure envi environment environmental damage environmental protection equity example firms fisheries fishing quotas forests future global greenhouse gas habitat harm human rights impact incentive increase individual industry intergenerational equity Kyoto Protocol land legislation limits Lohmann measures ment million mitigation banks monitoring nations natural capital natural resources nomic OECD plantations plants political polluter pays principle pollution control pollution rights precautionary principle prevent problems public participation reduce regulations risk ronmental Sadeleer scientific species standards sustainable development tion tradeable fishing trading programme trading scheme waste wetland