Environmentalism and Political Theory: Toward an Ecocentric Approach

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SUNY Press, Jan 1, 1992 - Political Science - 274 pages
This book provides the most detailed and comprehensive examination to date of the impact of environmentalism upon contemporary political thought. It sets out to disentangle the various strands of Green political thought and explain their relationship to the major Western political traditions. Environmentalism and Political Theory represents the consolidation of a new field of political inquiry that is destined to become an increasingly important component of political studies and political reporting worldwide. An interdisciplinary study that builds bridges between environmental philosophy, ecological thought, and political inquiry, this book employs a range of new insights from environmental philosophy to outline a particular Green political perspective.
 

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Contents

The Development of Modern Ecopolitical Thought From Participation and Survival to Emancipation
7
The Environmental Problematic As A Crisis Of Participation
8
The Environmental Problematic As A Crisis Of Survival
11
The Environmental Problematic As A Crisis Of Culture And Character And As An Opportunity For Emancipation
17
The Emancipatory Critique Of Conservatism Liberalism And Orthodox Marxism
21
The AnthropocentricEcocentric Cleavage within Emancipatory Thought
26
Exploring the Environmental Spectrum From Anthropocentrism to Ecocentrism
33
Resource Conservation
35
The Egocentric Critique
109
The Good Life Revisited
116
Ecosocialism The PostMarxist Synthesis
119
The Ecosocialist Critique
120
Farewell to Scientific Socialism and the Economic Growth Consensus
122
The Problematic Role of the Working Class
123
The New Internationalism
125
The Meaning And Lesson Of Ecology According To Ecosocialism
127

Human Welfare Ecology
36
Preservationism
39
Animal Liberation
42
Ecocentrism
45
Ecocentrism Explained and Defended
49
Some Common Criticisms And Misunderstandings
55
Three Varieties Of Ecocentrism
60
Transpersonal Ecology
61
Ecofeminism
63
An Ecocentric Analysis of Green Political Thought
73
The Ecocentric Challenge to Marxism
75
The Theoretical Roots
77
Orthodox EcoMarxism
82
Humanist EcoMarxism
87
Beyond Marxism
94
The Failed Promise of Critical Theory
97
The Legacy of Horkheimer Adorno and Marcuse
100
Habermasian Revisions
106
The Ecosocialist Agenda
132
More Democracy Or More Bureaucracy?
136
An Alternative Green Market Economy
140
Ecoanarchism The NonMarxist Visionaries
145
The Social Ecology of Murray Bookchin
146
Bookchins Social Hierarchy Thesis
148
Bookchins Evolutionary Stewardship Thesis
154
Ecocommunalism
160
Monasticism Revisited
163
Bioregionalism
167
Does Ecocentrism Demand Ecoanarchism?
170
The Other Side of Decentralization Local Democracy and Human Scale
173
The Ecoanarchist Model Of Autonomy As Selfmanagement
176
Conclusion
179
Documentation
187
Bibliography
237
Index
263
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About the author (1992)

Robyn Eckersley is Australian Research Council Fellow, Centre for Environmental Studies at the University of Tasmania.

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