Environmentally Friendly Technologies for the Pulp and Paper Industry
Solving the pulp and paper industries' environmental problems is essential to maintaining the forest industry and accommodating the changing economic needs of forest communities. This book explores the construction of new mills--operating on new technology that does not produce pollutants--which are vital to the pulp and paper industry.
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The Need for New Technologies for the Pulp
Catalyzed Alcohol Organosolv Pulping
The AS AM Process
Acetic AcidBased Pulping
MILOX Pulping and Bleaching
Steam Explosion Pulping
Elemental Chlorine Free tECFl and Totally Chlorine Free tTCP1
Taxonomy of Industrially Important VhiteRot Fungi
Fungal Treatment of Wood Chips for Chemical Pulping
Fungal Pretreutment for Organosolv Pulping and Dissolving
Biological Approach for Pulping and Bleaching of Nonwoody
LargeScale Production of Fungal Inoculum
Bleaching Kraft Pulps with WhiteRot Fungi
Waste Treatment of Kraft Effluent by WhiteRot Fungi
Fungal Treatment of Wood Chips to Remove Extractives
An Overview of BJomechanical Pulping Research
Engineering ScaleUp and Economic Aspects of Fungal
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acetic acid Akhtar ALCELL alkaline bagasse biopulping birch Blanchette bleaching chemicals brightness carbohydrates Cartapip cell wall cellulose chemical chip pile chlorine dioxide chrysosporium co-workers concentration cooking culture decolorization decrease degradation dissolving pulp effect energy savings enzymes explosion pulp extractives fermentation fiber Figure formic acid fungal fungal pretreatment fungus genes growth hardwood hemicellulose higher Holtforschung hydrogen peroxide hyphae increase incubation inoculation inoculum Int'l Symp kappa number kenaf Kokta kraft process kraft pulp laccase lignin manganese peroxidase mechanical pulping methanol MILOX pulps molecular weight NaOH organosolv pulping oxidation oxygen delignification ozone peroxidase phenolic pine plant pressure Proc production pulp and paper pulp yield Pulping Chem pulping process reaction reactor recovery reduced refining removal residual lignin sodium softwood solvent species spruce stage steam steep liquor strength properties studies subvermispora sulfite pulping Tappi temperature tion treatment tTable versicolor viscosity white-rot fungi Wood and Pulping wood chips xylan
Page iii - ... was carried out chemically. The chemical part of the process had several problems, including colouring of the product, formation of by-products, and low energy efficiency. Pulp and paper The pulp and paper industry is very capital-intensive with small profit margins. To keep up with the increasing demand for pulp and paper and to meet increasingly stringent environmental regulations, the industry has been constantly looking to technological improvements.