Andy Egan, Brian Weatherson
OUP Oxford, Jun 23, 2011 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 335 pages
There is a lot that we don't know. That means that there are a lot of possibilities that are, epistemically speaking, open. For instance, we don't know whether it rained in Seattle yesterday. So, for us at least, there is an epistemic possibility where it rained in Seattle yesterday, and one where it did not. What are these epistemic possibilities? They do not match up with metaphysical possibilities - there are various cases where something is epistemically possible but not metaphysically possible, and vice versa. How do we understand the semantics of statements of epistemic modality? The ten new essays in this volume explore various answers to these questions, including those offered by contextualism, relativism, and expressivism.
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Epistemic Modals and Epistemic Modality
Contextualism Relativism or What?
2 The Nature of Epistemic Space
3 Might Made Right
Two Spaceism versus One Spaceism
5 Epistemic Modals Are AssessmentSensitive
6 Perspective in Taste Predicates and Epistemic Modals
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Alex argue believe Billy bound reading Brian Weatherson centered worlds compatible conceptually possible conditional assertion conjunction consider context of assessment contextualist credence deep epistemic descriptivism descriptivist discussion doxastic Elton John EP propositions EP sentences epistemic modal claims epistemic possibility epistemic space epistemically complete evidence example explain express expressivism expressivist fact false Fintel Frank Jackson Hesperus indicative conditionals intuitions kind knowledge language of subjective licorice is tasty logical MacFarlane meaning perspectivalism metaphysically possible non-ideal norms notion one’s Oxford perspectivalist perspective Philosophical plausible possible worlds pragmatic prejacent priori problem quantifier question Radical Invariantism reason relative Relativism relativist relevant group restrictor retract Richard Branson rule scenarios seems semantic content semantic value sense sentence tokens set of worlds Slave Solipsistic Contextualism speaker specific speech act subjective uncertainty Suppose syntactic taste predicates theory things true truth conditions truth value utterance