Epistemology and the Social
Evandro Agazzi, Javier Echeverría, Amparo Gómez Rodríguez
Rodopi, 2008 - Philosophy - 231 pages
Epistemology had to come to terms with “the social” on two different occasions. The first was represented by the dispute about the epistemological status of the “social” sciences, and in this case the already well established epistemology of the natural sciences seemed to have the right to dictate the conditions for a discipline to be a science. But the social sciences could successfully vindicate the legitimacy of their specific criteria for scientificity. More recently, the impact of social factors on the construction of our knowledge (including scientific knowledge) has reversed, in a certain sense, the old position and promoted social inquiry to the role of a criterion for evaluating the purport of cognitive (including scientific) statements. But this has undermined the traditional characteristics of objectivity and rigor that seem constitutive of science. Moreover, in order to establish the real extent to which social conditionings have an impact on scientific knowledge one must credit sociology with a sound ground of reliability, and this is not possible without a preliminary “epistemological” assessment. These are some of the topics discussed in this book, both theoretically and with reference to concrete cases.
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Puzzles and Problems
Normativity and SelfInterest in Scientific Research
PART 2 VALUES IN THE STRUCTURE OF SCIENCE
Economic Values in the Configuration of Science
The Philosophical Impact of Technoscience or the Development of a Pragmatic Philosophy of Science
PART 3 SOCIAL IMPACT ON PARTICULAR SCIENCE
Social Factors in the Development of Genetics and the Lysenko Affair
The Case of Marxism
PART 4 EPISTEMOLOGY OF THE SOCIAL SCIENCES
Bounded Rationality in Social Sciences
The Role of Shared Values
What Do We Know?
The Cosmopolitan Vision
Epistemology and the Social in Contemporary Natural Science
according Agazzi aims Amsterdam/New York analogy analysis applied approach aspects assessment axiological axiological rationality axiology of research bounded rationality cognitive values concept considered context criteria discipline E(SK Echeverría economic values economics of science Einstein empirical epistemic epistemology equilibrium evaluation example external fact factors framework function genetics goals Gonzalez Hessen human idea ideology individuals interaction interest internal invisible hand involved Kahneman kind Kuhn Latour Laudan logic Lysenko Marxist mechanics mental models methodological norms neoclassical economics notion objects optimal perspective philosophy of science physics political possible pragmatic principle principle of relativity problem production Prospect Theory Rational Choice Theory reason relevant Rescher role rules S(SK scientific activity scientific knowledge scientific progress scientific research scientists sense sense and reference shared values Simon Smith social sciences society sociology Solow model Soviet technoscience technoscientific technoscientific action thermodynamics transcendental Tversky Ulrich Beck understanding University Press values in science