Essays in the memory of Imre Lakatos

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Imre Lakatos, Robert S. Cohen, P.K. Feyerabend, Marx W. Wartofsky
Springer Science & Business Media, Oct 31, 1976 - Science - 767 pages
The death of Imre Lakatos on February 2, 1974 was a personal and philosophical loss to the worldwide circle of his friends, colleagues and students. This volume reflects the range of his interests in mathematics, logic, politics and especially in the history and methodology of the sciences. Indeed, Lakatos was a man in search of rationality in all of its forms. He thought he had found it in the historical development of scientific knowledge, yet he also saw rationality endangered everywhere. To honor Lakatos is to honor his sharp and aggressive criticism as well as his humane warmth and his quick wit. He was a person to love and to struggle with. PAUL K. FEYERABEND ROBERT S. COHEN MARX W. WARTOFSKY TABLE OF CONTENTS Preface VII JOHN WORRALL / Imre Lakatos (1922-1974): Philosopher of Mathematics and Philosopher of Science JOSEPH AGASSI / The Lakatosian Revolution 9 23 D. M. ARMSTRONG / Immediate Perception w. W. BAR TLEY, III/On Imre Lakatos 37 WILLIAM BERKSON / Lakatos One and Lakatos Two: An Appreciation 39 I. B. COHEN / William Whewell and the Concept of Scientific Revolution 55 L. JONATHAN COHEN / How Can One Testimony Corroborate Another? 65 R. S. COHEN / Constraints on Science 79 GENE D'AMOUR/ Research Programs, Rationality, and Ethics 87 YEHUDA ELKANA / Introduction: Culture, Cultural System and Science 99 PA UL K.
 

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Contents

PHILOSOPHER OF MATHEMATICS AND PHILOSOPHER OF SCIENCE
1
THE LAKATOSIAN REVOLUTION
9
IMMEDIATE PERCEPTION
23
ON IMRE LAKATOS
37
AN APPRECIATION
39
WILLIAM WHEWELL AND THE CONCEPT OF SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION
55
HOW CAN ONE TESTIMONY CORROBORATE ANOTHER?
65
CONSTRAINTS ON SCIENCE
79
RATIONAL RECONSTRUCTIONS
359
A PARADOX FOR THE BIRDS
371
MATHEMATICS AS A CRITICAL ENTERPRISE
379
THE FERTILITY OF THEORY AND THE UNIT FOR APPRAISAL IN SCIENCE
395
THE AMBIVALENCE OF SCIENTISTS
433
Can the methodology of research programmes be rescued from epistemological anarchism
457
NOVEL PREDICTIONS AS A CRITERION OF MERIT
493
WHITHER PHYSICAL OBJECTS?
497

RESEARCH PROGRAMS RATIONALITY AND ETHICS
87
CULTURE CULTURAL SYSTEM AND SCIENCE
99
ON THE CRITIQUE OF SCIENTIFIC REASON
109
THE YOUNG EINSTEIN AND THE OLD EINSTEIN
145
AN ETHIC OF COGNITION
161
A REAPPRAISAL
179
SOME RECOLLECTIONS
209
IS FALSIFIABILITY THE TOUCHSTONE OF SCIENTIFIC RATIONALITY? KARL POPPER VERSUS INDUCTIVISM
213
ANCIENT GEOMETRICAL ANALYSIS AND MODERN LOGIC
253
THE DEVELOPMENT OF LOGICAL PROBABILITY
277
DESCARTES RULES OF IMPACT AND THEIR CRITICISM
299
TOULMIN AND THE RATIONALITY OF SCIENCE
311
PARTICIPATION AUTHENTICITY AND THE CONTEMPORARY VISION OF MAN LAW AND SOCIETY
335
POPPERIAN PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE AS AN ANTIDOTE AGAINST RELATIVISM
505
CONDITIONS OF PROGRESS AND THE COMPARABILITY OF THEORIES
547
COMMENTS ON TWO EPISTEMOLOGICAL THESES OF THOMAS KUHN
569
LEIBNIZS PROGRAM FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF LOGIC
589
ON COMPTONS RESEARCH PROGRAM
617
INQUIRING SYSTEMS AND PARADIGMS
635
Ambiguities in Lakatos Theory of Methodology
655
AGAINST SOME METHODS
677
TWO CRITICISMS OF HOBBES
691
THE RELATION BETWEEN PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE AND HISTORY OF SCIENCE
717
COSMOLOGY AND LOGICAN INTRACTABLE ISSUE?
739
INDEX OF NAMES
755
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About the author (1976)

A controversial and influential voice in the philosophy of science, Paul K. Feyerabend was born and educated in Vienna. After military service during World War II and further study at the University of London, he returned to Vienna as a lecturer at the university. In 1959, having taught for several years at Bristol University in England, he came to the United States to join the faculty of the University of California at Berkeley, from which, after numerous visiting appointments elsewhere, he retired in 1990. Since the 1970s, Feyerabend has devoted much of his career to arguing that science as practiced cannot be described, let alone regulated, by any coherent methodology, whether understood historically, as in Thomas Kuhn's use of paradigms, or epistemologically, as in classical positivism and its offspring. He illustrates this stance on the dust jacket of one of his books, Against Method (1975), by publishing his horoscope in the place usually reserved for a biographical sketch of the author. In his entry in the Supplement to Who's Who in America, he is quoted as saying, "Leading intellectuals with their zeal for objectivity are criminals, not the liberators of mankind.

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