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abbey adorned Alcuin ancient Angl appears archi architects Bedæ Hist Bede Bentham bishop body and isles body and side Breadth built called cathedral churches century chester cathedral choir church of St circular arches cloisters columns cross isles decorated east end east to west Eccl ecclesias Eddius edifices edit Edward elegant Ely cathedral England erected Essay fabrics feet finished Gothic architecture Goths Grose Height Henry VIII Hexham Ibid isles from north JOHN PLAW kind king kingdom Lady Chapel Length from east ments monasteries moulding nave Norman Norman architecture north to south orna ornaments Parentalia Peter pillars pinnacles Plates pointed arches portico quæ reign of Henry repaired Roman roof round Salisbury Saracen Saxon churches side isles Sir Christopher Wren specimens spire steeple stone structures style of building tecture tower tracery transept vaulting west door west end west front Westm Westminster Abbey Wilfrid Winchester cathedral York
Page 104 - Their government was regular, and where they fixed near the building in hand they made a camp of huts. A furveyor governed in chief; every tenth man was called a warden, and overlooked each nine : the gentlemen of the neighbourhood, either out of charity or commutation of penance, gave the materials and carriages.
Page 108 - They were zealots in their religion; and wherever they conquered, (which was with amazing rapidity) erected mosques and caravanseras in haste, which obliged them to fall into another •way of building; for they built their mosques round, disliking the Christian form of a cross. The old quarries, whence the ancients took their large blocks of marble for whole columns and architraves, were neglected; and they thought both impertinent. Their carriage was by camels; therefore their buildings were fitted...
Page 121 - Saracens, through emulation of their service and aversion to their superstition), they struck out a new species of architecture, unknown to Greece and Rome; upon original principles, and ideas much nobler than •what had given birth even to classical magnificence.
Page 118 - Although the Roman or Grecian architecture did not begin to prevail in England till the time of Inigo Jones, yet our communication with the Italians, and our imitation of their manners, produced fome fpecimens of that ftyle much earlier. Perhaps the earlieft is Somerfet-houfe, in the Strand, built about the year 1549, by the Duke of Somerfet, uncle to Edward VI.
Page 122 - ... admire the ingenuity of the contrivance. This too will account for the contrary qualities in what I call the Saxon Architecture.
Page 121 - When the Goths had conquered Spain, and the genial warmth of the climate, and the religion of the old inhabitants...
Page 107 - ... art ; when, instead of those beautiful orders, so majestical and proper for their stations, becoming' .variety and other ornamental accessories, they set up those slender and. misshapen pillars, or rather bundles of staves, and other incongruous props to support incumbent weights and ponderous arched roofs without entablature ; and though not without great industry, as M.
Page 32 - France for artificers skilled in the mystery of making glass (an art till that time unknown to the inhabitants of Britain) to glaze the windows, both of the porticos, and the principal parts of the church ; which work they not only executed, but taught the English nation that most useful art.
Page 121 - Jerusalem) with the earlier remains of our Saxon edifices. Now the architecture of the Holy Land was Grecian, but greatly fallen from its ancient elegance. Our Saxon performance was indeed a bad copy of it ; and as much inferior to the works of St. Helene and Justinian, as theirs were to the Grecian models they had followed.