Essays on Reference, Language, and Mind
Keith Donnellan, Emeritus of UCLA, is one of the major figures in 20th century philosophy of language, a key part of the highly influential generation of scholars that included Hilary Putnam, Saul Kripke, and David Kaplan. Like many of these philosophers, his primary contributions were published in article form rather than books. This volume presents a highly focussed collection of articles by Donnellan. In the late sixties and early seventies, the philosophy of language and mind went through a paradigm shift, with the then-dominant Fregean theory losing ground to the "direct reference" theory sometimes referred to as the direct reference revolution. Donnellan played a key role in this shift, focusing on the relation of semantic reference, a touchstone in the philosophy of language and the relation of "thinking about" - a touchstone in the philosophy of mind. The debates around the direct reference theory ended up forming the agenda of the philosophy of language and related fields for decades to come, and Donnellan's contributions were always considered essential. His ideas spawned a scholarly debate that continues to the present day. This volume collects his key contributions datng from the late 1960's through the early 1980's, along with a substantive introduction by the editor Joseph Almog, which disseminates the work to a new audience and for posterity.
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1 Reference and Definite Descriptions
2 Putting Humpty Dumpty Together Again
3 Proper Names and Identifying Descriptions
4 Speaking of Nothing
5 Speaker Reference Descriptions and Anaphora
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anaphoric anaphoric chain argument Aristotle assert Aston-Martin atomic number attributive audience backing of descriptions carne context contingent truth definite description denotation discourse entity example existence statements exotic necessary truths expresses a truth fact fat old humbug fits the description historical explanation theory Humpty Dumpty identifying descriptions imagine indefinite individual intention introduced isotopes Jacob Horn Jones Keith Donnellan Kripke Kripke’s language Leverrier MacKay mean mind natural kind natural kind terms Neptune nite description notion office today one’s paper possible worlds predicative statements principle of identifying priori pronouns properties Putnam question referential referring expression rigid designator Russell Russell’s view Santa Claus Saul Kripke scription seems semantic reference sense sentence expresses set of identifying singular expression singular terms Smith Smith’s murderer Socrates someone speaker reference speaker was talking speech act stipulation Strawson suppose tence Thales theory of reference thing tion truth conditions Twin-Earth uniquely utterance